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Full text of "History of Sainte Marie, Saint Mary's Church and Sainte Marie Township, Precincts 1 and 2, Jasper County, Illinois, celebrating [the quasquicentennial] Sept. 1, 2, 3, 1962 .."

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign 



http://archive.org/details/historyofsaintemOOhart 



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1837 Quasquicentennial 1962 



Jttito/Uf, 



OF 

Salute Marie., SaUtt Ma>ui r 6. GnuAalt 

AND 

SauUe Matde. *1&uMiAlwp, 

Pieoinoti 1 ana 2 
JASPER COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Celebrating: Sept 1, 2, 3, 1962 



1837 Quasquicentennial 1962 






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Greetings From 



SeeAAetUf&od tyust&uU <Jlo*n& 



Newton, III 









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J. HARLIN SEESSENGOOD 

(Served Jasper County with Reese Service sinee 19S2.) 



Our aim is to be worthy of your friendship! 
Ambulance Service 



Alr-Oonditloned 

Oxygen-Equipped 

Two-Way Radio 

AU Latest Safety Measures 




1837 Quasquicentennial 1962 



ILLINOIS HISTORICAL aUBFBT 



<Jtiita>uf, 



OF 

Sointe Maiie, Saint Ma/ui'4, GUuSudt 

AND 

PtecinaU 1 and 2 
JASPER COUNTY, ILLINOIS 



Celebrating Sept. 1, 2, 3, 1962 

1837 Quasquicentennial 1962 



Drawing of Sainte Marie's First Cabin 




This is a photograph of a drawing of the first cabin 
ever built in Sainte Marie. The original drawing, made 
by Joseph Picquet in October, 1837, with a quill pen, is 
owned by his granddaughter, Mrs. Charlotte R. Rudd of 
HJvansville, Ind. 

Men at work on the cabin are designated by initials, 
scarcely visible in this reproduction, but easily recognized 
on the original drawing. Men on the ground in the fore- 



ground of the picture are, left to right, John Weiss, Jean 
Baptist Bernard and Joseph Picquet, the artist himself. 

On the roof is Chailcs Gutkneck. At the far right, 
seated on a horse, is Xavier Kapp. The figure atop tho 
load of hay was not identified. 

In the hearts of all who love the Village of Sainte 
Marie, Sainte Marie Township and Jasper County, thr- 
picture is indeed a priceless treasure. 



1837 



77 7, 3 7^ 



Quasquicentennial 



_ZZ^/ ^ /sr * ^^ £i/ ' 

1962 



Sainte Marie, Saint Mary's Church and 
Sainte Marie Township 



DEAR FRIENDS AND NEIGHBORS: 

This summer of 1962 over Labor Day week-end, Sept. 
1, 2 and 3, Sainte Marie, Sainte Mary's Church and Sainte 
Marie Township will proudly celebrate their 125th birth- 
day. In this historical booklet we will try to recount the 
beginning of the little colony, and the dedication of the 
town and Church to the Blessed Virgin Mary. We shall 
try, too, to give credit to all the good and fine people 
whose families have lived here for generations. 

Several hundred people are working generously and 
feverishly to make this Quasqui-centennial of our com- 



munity a milestone in our history. Some have ridiculed 
the idea of writing our history, but history is important. 
[lad not our pioneer fore-fathers written down the hap- 
pening ;s of their days, we would have no United States 
history today. Hud not Matthew, Mark, Luke and John 
written down the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, we 
would not have the greatest history of all, the Holy Bible. 

Since the celebration plans have begun, enthusiasm 
has mounted with each meeting, more plans are included 
until we are getting a little excited! Will everything go 
off all right? We tell ourselves and each other "we will 
weather the storm" and have a lot of fun, too. 



The Dedication of Our Lady's Colony 

ADELA STEVENS CODY 



The prairies gleam like burnished gold; the swamplands 

are ablaze 
"With all the gorgeous splendor of the rich October days, 
[ The hazel bushes rustle as a fox goes swiftly by 
N When from the river's cottonwoods he hears the panther 

cry. 

■The tawny deer pause at the stream, their scarlet nostrils 
wide 
As, slowly o'er the swelling ridge, they see gay horsemen 

ride. 
The stealthy Indian drops his bow and looks with 

wondering eyes 
At these strange people come to dwell beneath his native 

skies. 
He sees them pause upon the ridge, and then, dismounting, 

stand, 
His horse's rein thrown o'er each arm, each trusty gun in 

hand. 
He sees their brave apparel gleam, each buckle burnished 

bright, 
Perchance a medal here and there, reflecting heaven's 

light. 
What draws this band of young men here? The Indian 



does not know 
The speech that tells of home, of love, and friends left 

long ago. 
They speak of scenes now far away; of Mass and feast 

and dance, 
And homesick longings draw their hearts back to their 

sunny France. 
Yea — home and friends are far away but she, their Queen, 

is here! 
This unknown land to loyal knights but makes her seem 

more dear. 
"Salve Regina"! Strong and clear their blended voices 

ring. 
"Regina Coeli"! With what zest their favorite hymn they 

sing. 
No fear have they of lurking foes as, kneeling on that 

sod, 
They offer up, through Mary's hands, their hopes and 

fears to God. 
"The truce of God" surrounds them there and wild things 

shrink away 
As, trustingly, at Mary's feet their lives and souls they 

lay. 



COMPLIMENTS OF 

SAINTE MARIE AMERICAN LEGION 

POST 932 

SAINTE MARIE, ILLINOIS 

"FOR GOD AND COUNTRY" 
ORGANIZED 1946 



War Veterans of W. W. I, W. W. II, ami the Korean Conflict, Who Still Continue to 
Serve the Community, State and Nation, Are Proud to Be a Part of the Community Life 
of Sainte Marie and to Help in the Celebration of the Quasquicentennial (125th Annivers- 
ary) of the Village and of St. Mary's Parish. 



1962 Is An All-Time High Year For The Post In Membership With 151 Paid Up 
Members, And We Still Expect To Grow! 



Dedication 

This Book, "History of Sainte Marie, 

Village and Township," is 

Sincerely Dedicated to: 

All the good and fine people who at any time belonged 
to the Parish of Saint Mary of Assumption, to St. Valen- 
tine, and to all whomever called Sainte Marie township 
their home. 

How This AU Began 

Along in June of 1957, while looking through my 
scrapbooks for a picture of the house where Christopher 
Columbus was born, I came across a clipping from The 
Newton Press. The story was one I had written and sent 
to The Press when Sainte Marie was 100 years old. Look- 
ing at the date and making some swift calculations, I 
came up with the astounding fact, that on Oct. 28, 1957, 
Sainte Marie and Saint Mary's Church would both be 120 
years old. 

That afternoon I had an appointment at the La Vogue 
Beauty Shop. The operator, Blanche Chapman was a 
protege of a daughter of the Picquets, settlers of Sainte 
Marie, and I told her about finding the clipping, and how 
our town and Church were coming into their 125th birth- 
day. I remarked something should be written up and 
sent in to the county paper. "You're just the woman to 
do it, Mrs. Hartrich," said Blanche. 

Well, I thought I could, my mind on a column per- 
haps six or eight inches long. That evening, her week's 
work finished, Blanche packed a bag, got into her car, 
drove to Evansville, Ind., to see Mrs. Charlotte Rude and 
her family, sole survivors of the pioneer Joseph Picquet. 

When Blanche told Mrs. Rudd why she had come, 
Mrs. Rudd remarked: "Well, Blanche, we will just go up 
into the garret and see what we can find on Sainte Marie's 
History". Their search was fruitful indeed! 

On Monday morning Blanche came into my house 
carrying a huge shopping bag, crammed to the top with 
old books, newspapers, bits of written history and old 
pictures, no less than a million words. I was to read all 
of it, sort out what was good, pass over the non-essentials 
and write up a really good history of Sainte Marie. 

I started looking through the material and it wasn't 
long before I was really intrigued with it. I wrote several 
pages, then I thought: "I could crack my brain on it, 
but what good would it do if it was never printed". I 
called Mr. Jim Wells of The Newton Press and told him 
about it. "I tell you what you do Mrs. Hartrich, send in 
what you have written, and I'll let you know what I think 
of it," he said. 

Six pages were sent in the next afternoon and I re- 
ceived an excited telephone call, "This is wondrful, go into 
more detail about the history. If there is enough we will 
make a special edition of it to print it in; but don't make 
too much noise about it, we don't want that Decatur 
Herald getting in on this." 

For seven weeks, every hour I could spare was spent 
looking into County Court House records; into the records 
at the Church, school and town hall here in Sainte Marie; 
talking to people who didn't want to be bothered, scraping 
moss from old tombstones in the cemetery, wading 
through old musty books and newspapers, getting black 
looks from my husband who thought there should be roast 
chicken and custard pies on the table, instead of old books, 
papers, scrap paper and worn down pencils. 



But at last it was finished. It did make a fine story 
when it was put into a special edition in The Newton 
Press. All the tired days, all the digging, all the head- 
aches and black looks were forgotten when Ye editor said 
to me "Mrs. Hartrich this history will never be forgotten." 
— Mrs. Ferdinand Hartrich 
nee Mary Clotilde Huber. 



History 

The following was taken from a book, entitled "His- 
tory of Cumberland, Jasper and Richland Counties," which 
is kept at the Newton Library: 

In 1838 Joseph Picquet of Sainte Marie started the 
first store, bringing the goods from Philadelphia via 
Evansville, and thence by wagon. Goods were purchased 
at Evansville or Louisville, then wagoned across the coun- 
try save when the stage of water and the plying of steam- 
boats allowed a shipment by river to Vincennes. The cost 
of freighting goods was one cent per one-hunderd weight, 
amounting to about $1.25 for land transportation. The 
early trade was principally barter, skins and honey being 
the principal articles the farmer had for exchange. Game 
was abundant and the timber swarmed with the honey- 
bee. The latter was systematically hunted, and the honey 
brought into the store by the wagon-load. 

In 1839 Mr. Picquet put up the first steam sawmill 
in the county, buying the machinery second-hand but 
little-used near Vincennes. A grist mill was added. The 
Hartrichs' were millers, (that is grinders of grain in their 
home-land in France) and they knew all about making 
flour and meal. This machinery was purchased at Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. This was the first steam grist mill in all this 
region and attracted patronage from an area of 40 miles 
away. People came from as far away as Teutopolis to 
have their grain ground into flour and meal. 

For years Sainte Marie was the commercial metrop- 
olis of Jasper County and in its early years bid fair to 
hold this position for all time. The founders were wealthy, 
and natural advantages good, and their early enterprise 
kept pace with the development of the County. 

Its most striking buildings are a Catholic Church of 
brick, built in 1850 with parsonage, and an establishment 
of Sisters of Charity, who devote their time to the nursing 
of the sick, raising of orphans and taking care of old 
people. 

The school house, one of the first if not the very first 
free school building erected in Jasper County, has been 
for the last 10 years under the able direction of Prof. 
George Hubert of Evansville, a noted teacher of our 
county. 

The Church and school are well attended. The prin- 
cipal businesses of the place are a sawmill, a stave factory, 
which furnishes employment of 25 to 30 hands, two gen- 
eral stores, two grocery stores, one hardware store, a tin 
shop, one seed store, two blacksmith shops, a wagon shop, 
three carpenters, three shoe-makers, one cooper and one 
vintner. 

An excerpt from The Newton Press, issue dated 
March 27, 1957, reads as follows: 

"Jasper, Newton Named for Heroes of Revolution" 

Jasper county was originally in 1816 a part of Craw- 
ford county, which at that time comprised all territory 
between the Wabash and Kaskaskia rivers, and from its 
present southern boundary to "the northern limit of the 



Happy Birthday 



and 



Good Wishes 



to 



Sainte Marie, Saint Mary's Parish 



and Sainte Marie Township 



On This, Their 



One Hundred and Twenty-Fifth Birthday 



MRS. CHARLES D. RUDD AND FAMILY 



(Mrs. lturiri is n granddaughter of Pioneer Joseph Picquet.) 



United States". 

But in 1831 the State Legislature, which had been 
dividing the giant Crawford County area into smaller 
counties, formed what is now Jasper County, calling it 
by that name and also declaring that its county seat, 
whenever selected by Commissioners Nathan Moss, Wil- 
liam Magill and Asahel Heath, would be called Newton. 
These names were selected in honor of two South 
Carolinian hereos of the Revolutionary War under General 
Marion. 

An early Jasper settler, Michael Grove, who settled 
there in 1836, has chronicled that the first settler in what 
is now Jasper County was a man named Lewis who set- 
tled on Evermound Mound. He added, "The next settler 
was a man by the name of Sulzer, who settled in what 
was later called Mattingly Point below Sainte Marie," 
what is now known as Valbert Bros.' homestead. 

Soon after, others came, some in the Dark Bend, the 
Enlows, Crabtree, Wilkens, Bayards, Jobs, Jordans, Gar- 
woods, Lambs, Richards and the Wades, founded in 1826 
when James Jordan and his family settled and built the 
first cabin (near the north side of the present court house) . 
Among others who came early were John V. Barnes, Ben- 
jamin Reynolds and L. W. Jordan, who entered the land 
in 1831 where the village was originally laid out, Law- 
rence Hollenbeck, Thomas Garwood and Benjamin Harris, 
who opened the first store in Newton. 

Newton existed as a non-incorporated village until 
1865 when it received its state incorporation charter. 

Sainte Marie was settled originally by Joseph Picquet, 
coming as an immigrant from Alsace, picked the spot for 
his homestead in 1836, returned home and came back in 
1837 to Sainte Marie with four families and 12 young 
people, a total of 25 people, after purchasing 12,000 acres 
in Jasper County. The group, a Catholic colony, a condi- 
tion which remains today, placed their tabernacle on the 
site of Sainte Marie. 

A number of communities have been started in Jasper 
County but many of them, like in all areas, have gone out 
of existence. How many can be recalled ? Mount Sidney, 
Grandville (now Yale), Brockville, Buena Vista, Center- 
ville, Plainfield, Harrisburg, Queenstown, Franklin, Con- 
stantinople, New Liberty, Pleasant Hill, Point Pleasant, 
Hayville, Embarrasville, Langdon, Hunt City, Hidalgo, 
Falmouth, Latona, Mason (now Wheeler), Lis, Boos, 
Bogota, Advance, Willow Hill, Rose Hill and West Liber- 
ty, which was laid out in 1954 and later moved to the 
railroad line in 1877 where it is now a fine little 
community. 

The early Jasper pioneers, mostly from Kentucky and 
southern states, used a path called the Palestine-Vandalia 
road in the earliest days, but the county grew very little 
until the completion of the railroad, now the Illinois 
Central (planned and fought for since the mid-50's but 
not completed through the county until 1876.) Since 
then, it has developed into an outstanding agricultural 
and oil-producing area and a progressive and highly suc- 
cessful community with fine institutions, homes and 
citizens rivaling any county in the Midwest. 

Saints Marie Township 

Sainte Marie Township in the southeast portion of 
Jasper County, formerly Crawford County, was a part 
of the western portion of Crawford County. Early in the 
1830's it was taken off from Crawford to prevent the 
removal of the county seat from Palestine, but this did not 



prevent it from happening, because on Aug. 14, 1855, the 
County Seat was moved from Palestine to Robinson, 111. 
Sainte Marie Township was now large enough to be 
divided into two precincts. Precinct one was where the 
Village of Sainte Marie was, and was named for it, Sainte 
Marie precinct one is west of both the Embarras and 
Northfork Rivers; precinct two, east of both these rivers 
and is called the Bend. 

We will first tell the story of the Village of Sainte 
Marie and Saint Mary's Church, and farther on, the story 
of Precinct two, the community known as the Bend. So 
many interesting things have happened in our township 
and Village, I feel the History of Sainte Marie should be 
re-written. Using the past history written in 1957 as the 
back-bone of the story, I'll try to write an addition. 

Sainte Marie Village and Precinct One 

To me history is important. At the time of the Pales- 
tine Sesqui-Centennial, several ladies came to see me. 
They had heard Sainte Marie was planning to celebrate 
their 125th anniversary this year. In talking of their 
celebration, they told me "they had so little to go on". 
So few of the happenings of their town had been written 
down. One remarked "She believed Catholics kept better 
records than other denominations". It would seem so 
here in Sainte Marie. Not only at the Church, but the 
people themselves wrote down things, so we have quite 
a story for a background. 

In their book on Palestine was one sentence, "Just 
when does a town have a beginning ? When can you start 
Keeping dates?" Well, we here in Sainte Marie can 
definitely say when our town began. When those 10 old 
French gentlemen came to the United States from France 
they came with certainty they were going to start a 
village, or colony as it was then called. First they built 
a cabin as shelter for themselves. On Oct. 28, 1837, 
dressed in their best, the colonists mounted their horses 
and with guns in hand rode to the highest knoll. Here 
they gathered about their leader, fired a salute, and 
chanted the Salve Regina, "Hail Queen," and with all the 
ceremony of an 18th Century Lafayette, took formal 
possession of their land, placed it under the protection of 
the Virgin Mary and named it "Colonie des Fres", Colony 
of Brothers. So many otner colonists came in who were 
not brothers, it was changed to Saint Mary's. Down 
through the years it became Sainte Marie. 

The history of Sainte Marie is colorful and interest- 
ing. Sainte Marie is an industrious, prosperous, thrifty 
and progressive village in the southeast part of Jasper 
County. Histories, at best, are often considered dry 
reading, but so many people have been born and reared 
in or near Sainte Marie, then have gone out into the 
world to make their way that we hope many of them will 
see and read this, and will feci a small sense of pride in 
having belonged at some time to the parish of Sainte 
Marie. To tell the story of Sainte Marie Township is to 
tell the story of its Church because then, as now, the 
Church was the center and heart of the community. 

On Oct. 28, 1962, Sainte Marie will become 125 years 
old. Already in 1835 oppression and unrest were going 
on in Europe. A group of people in Hagunem, Alsace 
Lorraine, France, who believed in being free and equal 
and the right to worship as they pleased, held a family 
counsel and decided to send someone to that fine new 
country across the sea, America. These people were 
well-to-do, upper middle class, most of them farmers, 



Welcome To The Quasquicentennial 

Enjoy Yourself and Say— "PEPSI PLEASE!" 

At Home or When Eating Out, Enjoy 

Heath Grade A Milk and Other Dairy 

Foods and Candy of Excellence. 



L. S. HEATH & SONS, INC. 

Robinson, Illinois 



COMPLIMENTS OF BEER WHOLESALERS 






REGION NO. 1 


Ambravv Distributing Co. 




Halter Distributing Co. 


Marcella Schmitt 






Wm. Halter 


Lawrenceville, 111. 






Lawrenceville, 111. 


Dishong Distributing Co. 




Gray Distributing Co. 


(lark Dishong 






Bus Gray 


Olney, Illinois 






Lawrenceville, III. 




Rankin Distributing Co. 




Charles Rankin 






Olney, 


Illinois 





most of them relatives and all of the Roman Catholic 
faith. 

Joseph Picquet First 

Joseph Picquet, age 19, was the one chosen to go. Small 
of stature but great of determination, he set sail. He was 
accompanied by a young Jesuit priest, Rev. Michael Guth, 
for at the age of 19 years, he was considered too young to 
travel alone. No more mention was made of his tutor 
once they had landed in New York. Mr. Picquet then 
came west to Pittsburgh, where he worked for awhile in 
a land office to study the language and habits of this new 
country. Stretching westward was a thousand miles of 
territory which he must investigate. He was particularly 
interested in the countiy north and west of the Ohio river 
and east of the Mississippi river. St. Louis was the 
extreme western boundary in which he was interested. 

Arriving in Fort Dearborn, which is now Chicago, he 
decided it was too swampy there so he procured a riding 
horse and rode downstate. He spent a year collecting 
material which he incorporated into a report. In October, 
1836, he returned to France and another family counsel 
was held. His family, on hearing the report, was jubilant. 
He told of virgin timber, a river, rich, rolling country, 
much like the home place in France, and they were ready 
to go. In July, 1837, he returned to America with the 
nucleus of the new colony, made up of 4 'families and 12 
young people, 25 adventurous souls. 

Other Early Names 

Besides Joseph Picquet were the names of Ferdinand 
Hartrich, Charles Guthneck, Jean Baptiste Bernard, 
Xavier Kapp, John Weiss and wife, Xavier Hipp, Henry 
Hoffman, M. Lemmel, Etienne Laver, Barbara and 
Frances Orr. They went to Vincennes, Ind., and from 
there to St. Francisville, where they purchased a small 
farm to be used as a temporary shelter until they could 
select a permanent place. 

On Sept. 22, 1837, Joseph Picquet, Ferdinand Hartrich 
and Etienne Laver went to Palestine, 111., where they 
entered 12,000 acres of land. This land lay south and 
east of Newton, 111., which was two years old, with two 
cabins. This land met their requirements and they re- 
turned to St. Francisville. 

Rt. Rev. Bishop Brute of Vincennes, accompanied by 
Father Corbe, pastor at St. Francisville, came to visit the 
colonists at their farm. In front of one of the log houses 
they erected an altar so that the Bishop could celebrate 
Mass. The crucifix, candle sticks and vestments used 
were brought from France and are still in use in the 
Church in Sainte Marie. 

Arrived Oct. 1, 1837 

On Oct. 1, 1837, the little colony came to Sainte Marie 
to settle. They set to work building a cabin which was 
to be the center of the village. All being farmers and not 
woodsmen, instead of using their horses or oxen to drag 
the logs, they carried them. The first Mass said in the 
village was in this cabin. It was blessed by Father 
Stephen Theodore Badin, a Frenchman, the first priest 
ordained in the United States. 

A Mr. William Price had a cabin on a few acres of 
land near here and the men boarded with him. The 
French traders would come each fall from Vincennes to 
barter with the Indians for their peltry. The Indians were 
from the Fort Wayne, Ind., reservation. They came each 



fall to hunt for the abundance of game in the Embarras 
River bottoms. On one such expedition the Embarras 
rose so suddenly the Indians were trapped in the back 
water and had to take refuge for three days in the trees, 
an incident which amused the colonists greatly. Another 
story of the river's name was that there was so much 
driftwood stumps and tree tops in the river that the 
French called it Embarras — meaning obstructions. 

Story of River's Nam© 

A story says that the unusual name of Embarras was 
given the river when a young French guide, proud of his 
appointment, was asked the name of the river running 
through the territory for which he was acting as a guide. 
He did not know it, became so embarrassed his superior 
officer leaned over and laughingly wrote on the map 
"Embarras River". The Indians, unable to say Embarras, 
called it the Ambraw. 

(Editor's Note: All such legends are interesting, but 
the truth about the river's name is simply that Embarras, 
correctly spelled with only one "s" on the end, means 
obstruction in French. Research on the word was done 
a couple of years ago by Mr. Omer M. Tobias of Newton, 
111., retired teacher and principal of Newton Community 
High School, at the request of The Newton Press-Mentor 
and local leaders of the Wabash Valley Association. Mr. 
Tobias' studies also led to the correct way to pronounce 
the river's name. Embarras should be pronounced as if 
it were spelled Ahmberah.) 

During the winter of 1839 Fr. Corbe of Vincennes 
came to visit the little colony and to care for their spirit- 
ual needs. The distance was covered by horse-back, so 
he was asked to stay for the night. The guest room was 
nothing more than a lean-to built of poles with prairie 
hay stuffed into the cracks. The good father awakened 
in the morning with the bitter cold blowing over him. 
During the night the cows had eaten the hay out of the 
cracks. 

Others Arrive in 1839 

In 1839 new members came to join the colony. We 
find the names of Theodore Hartrich, Joseph Litzelman, 
Joseph Boos, Cyrise Kaufmann, Nicholas Kessler, Faller 
Bros, and Ignatius Moshenrose. Among those in the 
neighborhood were William Price, Israile Fithian, Job 
Catt, Freeman Bros., Mattingly Bros., E. Inlow, Daniel 
Doty and I. Allison. This Theodore Hartrich is the an- 
cestor of all the Hartrichs' now living in Sainte Marie. 

In 1842, Jacques Picquet, father of Joseph Picquet, 
came to the United States, bringing with him a nephew, 
Joseph Schefferstine. He was delighted with the progress 
the young colonist had made, so in 1844 Joseph Picquet 
went again to France, bringing with him on his return 
his mother and two young brothers, James and Xavier, 
who later became Dr. James Picquet and Lieutenant 
Xavier Picquet of the Civil War. 

The Sisters of Providence, Rennes, France, were en- 
gaged by Mr. Picquet to come to Sainte Marie to teach 
school but instead of coming to this backwoods, they 
settled in what is now St. Mary's of the Woods, Vigo 
County, Indiana. When the Sisters of Providence of 
Rennes, France, arrived in Vincennes, Ind., Bishop De La 
Hollandier decided they should locate in what is now St. 
Mary of the Woods in Indiana. When the diocese was 
divided by the state line, they were in Indiana. 



HARTRICH BROS. FEED & GRAIN 

Wayne Feeds 

Funk's G Hybrids 

Fertilizers 

Grinding and Mixing 

Anhydrous Ammonia 

Sainte Marie, III. 



Compliments Of 



GEORGE'S TAVERN 



Sainte Marie, 111. 



Wine, Liquor and Beer 



Always a Friendly Welcome! 



10 



Jacques Picquet Brick House in 1844 

In 1844 a brick house that could be rightly called a 
mansion was built in Sainte Marie by Jacques or James 
Picquet Sr. The bricks were moulded and burned in a 
brick kiln on the premises. The huge doors and windows 
were sent from France to the Sisters of Providence, who 
were supposedly located in Sainte Marie but located in- 
stead in what is now st. Mary's of the Woods. They were 
then used in the Picquet mansion. The interior woodwork 
and paneling were or native walnut. It was considered at 
that time to be tne finest house all the way from Chicago 
to St. Louis. At this time the whole Picquet family lived 
there. 

About five years ago the two top stories were taken 
down by the present owners, Albert and Harold Hartrich, 
gi*eat grand nephews of the builder, Jacques Picquet. The 
first floor of the old mansion is still in use. The village 
grew and prospered. Forests were cleared away, farms 
came into being. The people were proud of the fine live- 
stock they could raise the grain and gardens they could 
grow. 

Water and Wagon Route 

A general store was started by Joseph Picquet. The 
goods were brought all the way from Pittsburgh, Pa., by 
steamboat to Evansville, Ind., then by wagon to Sainte 
Marie. A grist mill was in operation, farmers coming 
from as far as Teutopolis to have their grain ground, 
their wheat into flour and their corn into meal. 

Pete Faller, assisted by two sons, Clem and Pete, had 
a tannery yard located on the river east of Sainte Marie. 
The tannic acid found in the bark of the oak trees was 
used as a processing agent to separate the hair from the 
hides. 

The original house of the Fallers is still occupied. 
Mr. and Mrs. Loren Bricker own and live in it. The Dr. 
James Picquet house was taken down two years ago by 
Mr. and Mrs. Coelestin Nix, who have since built a lovely 
home on that site. Only three names of the founding 
fathers remain in Sainte Marie, James Picquet, grandson 
of Jacques Picquet, James Hipp, grandson of Xavier Hipp, 
and seven Hartrich families, all descendants of Theodore 
Hartrich. 

Men of Area Built Railroad; Loss 
Was Severe Blow, But Not Fatal 

At the time Jasper County was surveyed and county 
lines were established it was planned for Sainte Marie to 
be the county seat, but the laying of the railroad through 
Newton made that the most important village. In 1870 
a railroad was laid through Sainte Marie, the C, H. & D. 
The men of the village and surrounding community 
worked long hours placing the ties and laying the heavy 
rails, all without pay just to get the railroad through 
their village. Huge shipments of logs, lumber, livestock 
and grain justified their efforts. There were two passen- 
ger trains and two freight trains daily. 

The passenger train came from Olney at 8:20 A. M. 
and went south at 4:20 P. M. As in most small towns 
and villages it became a favorite pastime to go to the 
depot to see the trains come in. The railroad ran north 
and south, just west of where the Parish hall now stands. 
Of course, with all the shipping of livestock, corn, wheat 
and hay, there was always a string of box cars on the 
track waiting to be used. Here was an ideal place for the 
boys in school to settle their disputes. They didn't dare 



fight on the school grounds so "I'll meet you down behind 
the box cars" became a familiar phrase. More than one 
grade school boy went home with a black eye or a bloody 
nose. Remembering about it now makes one whoop with 
laughter, but at that time it was deadly serious business. 

The depot, too, was an intriguing place, so many 
interesting packages and boxes. This was before R.F.D., 
Rural Free Delivery, so almost everything too large for 
a mail box had to come by express. The "Wish Books" 
like those of Sears Roebuck and Montgomery Ward did 
a thriving business. The waiting room had a huge iron 
pot-bellied stove, and on a cold day it usually glowed red 
with all the hickory chunks poked into it. We kids stood 
fascinated as the express agent tapped a few little keys, 
then told us the message they sent. We thought him one 
of the most learned people in the world, to be able to 
work a Morse code telegraph machine. 

Years passed, World War I was raging, many of the 
young men were away in the armed forces, not much 
shipping was done along the line, steel was badly needed 
and the railroad which their ancestors had worked so 
hard to help build was taken up. 

The people of the community mourned the passing of 
the railroad. Depression was over the whole country, and 
Sainte Marie, like so many other small towns, sort of 
went to seed. 

Again years passed and a second World War came. 
More young men than ever were in the armed forces. 
Those left behind worked twice as hard to do their share 
and that of those away. 

Veterans Add Life 

When the war was over and the young men returned, 
it seemed that the whole community took a new lease on 
life. The young soldiers, weary of far-away places, took 
over farms, built new homes or made over old ones, fer- 
tilized the fields, grew better crops and livestock than 
their ancestors dreamed of. Others built homes in town, 
found work or went into business for themselves. No 
longeT did they mourn the railroad. They took pride in 
a paved road running west to join State Route 130 and a 
blacktop road north to Route 49 where trucks could roll 
at a moment's notice. 

Alblinger and Kirts built a new garage, then a hard- 
ware store. Both are outstanding in their lines. Tractors, 
plows, discs, corn pickers and combines were in demand. 
The Hamer Stone Implement Co. was established and 
began doing a thriving business, now known as the Kocher 
Implement Co. 

The old Spitzer blacksmith shop, where the farmers 
liked to gather on cold or rainy days to talk crops or live- 
stock, while thousands of plow shears were sharpened and 
hundreds of horses were shod, is no more. Hartrich Bros, 
elevator and feed mill has taken over the corner. 

At the north end of town Gowin's feed mill is doing 
a thriving business, and Bob Swisher's new filling station 
is a delight to the eye. 

The new school is still very modern, a new parish 
house came next and the parish hall was completely done 
over. 

First Priest Ordained in U. S. 

Sometime ago while talking about our 125th celebra- 
tion of Sainte Marie and Sainte Mary's Church, someone 
remarked "I don't see how you can get so steamed up 
about little old dinky Sainte Marie". Suppose we stop 



11 



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for a moment, and take a good look at "how dinky Sainte 
Marie is". 

When once those old French gentlemen had a little 
cabin built for a Church, they invited a missionary from 
Vincennes to come and bless it and read the first Mass 
there. Father Stephen Theodore Badin was the one who 
came. Father Badin was the first priest ordained in the 
United States. Archbishop Carroll of Baltimore, Md., 
ordained him. Bishop Carroll's cousin, Charles Carroll, 
signed the Declaration of Independence. 

Sainte Marie had the first Church and first free 
school for miles around. People came from five counties 
around to have their children baptized. Sainte Marie had 
the first store, first post office and the first grist mill. 
People came from as far away as Teutopolis to have their 
wheat ground into flour, and corn into meal. The first 
sawmil) was also here. 

When those three old gentlemen, Joseph Picquet, 
Ferdinand Hartrich and Etienne Laver, went to Palestine 
to buy their 12,000 acres, after trying to describe just 
where this land lay, the recorder told them "Everything 
is open, you can buy land all the way to the Canadian 
border". Sainte Marie is part of the early history of the 
State of Illinois. 

Father' Stephen Badin came a number of times to 
Sainte Marie to care for the spiritual needs of the little 
colony. He blessed many little log churches up and down 
the Wabash Valley. His tomb is made of stone, fashioned 
to look like a log cabin. It even has wild vines growing 
over it as no doubt many of the little log cabin churches 
did. It is on the grounds of the University of Notre Dame 
in Notre Dame or South Bend, Ind. There is also a mosaic 
on the east porch of the Cathedral of the Immaculate 
Conception in Washington, D. C. It depicts two men in 
a canoe. The one in th e bow of the boat, a rugged indi- 
vidual, wears a coon-skin cap and holds a rifle, while the 
other, pushing off from shore, wears a long dark garb 
and round low hat of the early missionary. The vegeta- 
tion in the background could be found along the banks of 
the Wabash or Embarras anywhere. 

Saint© Marie Township Precinct 2 

Sainte Marie Township itself is larger than most 
townships. It takes in possibly seven miles north and 
south and six miles east and west and 26,359 acres. The 
Embarras River cuts across it diagonally, and the North 
Fork River flows into the Embarras in Sec. 32, Town 6, 
Range 14, and the land is owned by J. L. (Jackie) Wade. 
The older residents will recognize this land as the "Hoff- 
man Bend". 

It's just possible this is the "Bend" that is responsible 
for the original name of "Dark Bend" for without ques- 
tion this must have been a very dark bend indeed with its 
towering trees and thick underbrush. This is outside of 
the river levee, and overflows very quickly when the 
Embarras and the North Fork are on the rampage. Here 
is where the levee broke in several places in 1957, causing 
almost irreparable damage. 

Almost all little communities have a story behind 
them and the story of how "Dark Bend" came to be is as 
follows: 

"The bend of the river was so dark, and the under- 
brush so thick it made a good hiding place for horse 
thieves and robbers. Once they had gained this hiding 
place they were safe from the law, for no sheriff was 
brave enough to go in after them. Years went by. The 



forests were cut down, the lumber used to build fine 
homes, the land cleared of stumps, was tilled and made 
into good farm land, and the word "Dark" has been 
dropped from the "Bend". 

Here many fine folk live. Driving along their well- 
kept roads and seeing their crops and fine livestock, no 
one would believe this little community had such a grim 
beginning. Some of the names that have been in the 
community since its very beginning were Yager, Kraus, 
Michl, Beasler, Geiger, Rennier, Lobmire, Mennacher, 
Ochs, Kerner, Boehl, Helford and Fisher. 

St. Valentine's Parish 

Almost every story of a little community begins with 
a church, and so it was with the "Bend". For years the 
people of the "Bend" belonged to the congregation in 
Sainte Marie. They would drive or walk the distance, 
some times cutting across Grandfather Huber's farm, 
opening and closing the heavy gates, because, of course, 
the farm was fenced. When they walked they would 
cross the Embarras in a boat. This went on for a number 
of years. Then in 1891 Valentine Kraus and his wife, 
Magdalen, donated three acres of ground on which to 
build a Church. They also gave $4,000, in those days a 
large sum of money, to help buy the necessary materials. 
The whole community worked with a will, and before 
long, a neat little white country church was built. When 
it was dedicated it was named St. Valentine's. Holy Mass 
was read once a month by priests from Sainte Marie. St. 
Valentine's was now a mission church of Sainte Mary's 
in Sainte Marie. In 1910 St. Valentine's parish was estab- 
lished and a rectory was built for a resident pastor. 

The first resident pastor was Rev. Henry H. B. Prost, 
who had been assistant to Rev. Father Virnich at Saint 
Mary's in Sainte Marie. Fr. Prost changed the name of 
St. Valentine to "Most Holy Redeemer". He was in 
charge of the little congregation for three years. After 
he was transferred Fr. Gormly of the Teutopolis Fran- 
ciscan Novitiate came to hold services for the little con- 
gregation once each Sunday. 

Father Ladinski was also an assistant to Rev. P. J. 
Virnich and took care of the St. Valentine's parish. It 
had now been changed back to its original name, St. 
Valentine, by Rev. Charles Flori. 

Rev. Flori was resident pastor for several years, then 
followed Rev. Paul Reinfels, Rev. Francis Meyers, Rev. 
Bernard Wubbe, Rev. Fredrick Neneling, Rev. Oscar 
Schubert, who was with the little parish the longest (11 
years), Rev. Francis Corrigan (five years), Rev. John 
Bertman (two years), Rev. Walter Deppish (seven years), 
and Rev. Anthony J. Cepanio, one year. With so few 
priests to care for them the small parish suffered and 
again the little parish of St. Valentine's is a mission of 
St. Mary's in Sainte Marie. 

It is regrettable, too, for in 1953 St. Valentine's Parish 
built a Parish Hall complete with dining room and kitchen. 
Here the little community held their church picnics on 
the beautifully kept grounds surrounding the church and 
hall. Here, too, they serve delicious chicken and beef 
dinners that people come for miles around to enjoy. We 
sincerely hope the day soon comes when St. Valentine's 
has a resident pastor again. 

The first school was on land donated by Henry John- 
son in 1878, where the present brick school is. It was 
called Newlin school, nicknamed "Wild Cat". When 
school quit, the land was to go to the owners, and Leonard 



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Johnson owns it now. Teachers were Bill Bartram, Flor- 
ence Fithian, Mrs. Jess Wright, Lulu Carbon, George J. 
Wise, Hiram G. Miller, Ervin L. Graham, Minnie Curry, 
Lela Sloan, Bessie Jackson, Mable Catt and Josephine 
Dart. I am indebted to J. N. Yost for names and dates 
of church and school in Bend community. Since then I've 
learned why the Newlin school got the name "Wild Cat". 

Back in the 1870's and 80's boys were needed at home 
on the farms until the crops were gathered and a huge 
pile of fire wood was cut, so it was always about the first 
of December before they were free to go to school. Again 
in the spring they left school about the last of February 
to help fix fences and otherwise get ready for the farming 
season, so, of course, they lost out in their education, but 
they made up for it by going several extra winter terms. 
Most of them were 17 or 18 years old and all bigger than 
their teacher. 

It was customary for the teacher to treat the scholars 
before the holidays to bags of peanuts and candy. One 
teacher at the Newlin School refused to do this so the big 
boys took him out, held him under the pump and pumped 
water on his head until they almost drowned him. When 
the older folks heard of the escapade someone remarked, 
"What else could you expect of those "Wild Cats?" From 
then on the Newlin School was nicknamed "Wild Cat" 
School. Little did they know such youngsters a few 
generations later would be called "cool cats" and have a 
"pad"! 

In September, 1876, Xavier Michl and his wife 
Theresa Michl donated one-half acre of land for school 
purposes. When the school quit the land was to revert 
to the owner. August Michl owns it now. Michl School 
was built in 1877. In 1921 a new and more modern school 
was built. 

First teacher in 1877 was S. F. Laugel. Other teach- 
ers in the Michl School were Anna Mae Murphy, Ellen 
Pictor, Celia Osthimer, James Kaufmann, E. J. Gangloff, 
Alex Gangloff, Henry Worland, John J. Alblinger, Bert 
Mattingly, Paul McCullough, Mary Kraus, Henry Kirts, 
Leona Geiger and Katherine Kerick. 

In 1892 land was bought from Joe Ward for this 
school. The first school was built in 1893. In 1936 a new 
and modern school was built. First teacher in 1893 was 
Nannie Trainor. Others were Lulu Carbon, E. J. Gang- 
loff, Bertha Cummins, Rosie Matson, Dora Morgan, Clyde 
Catt, John J. Alblinger, Nora Phillips, Mary Krause and 
Carl Stanley. John J. Fisher now owns the land. 

South Bend School 

In 1895 land was bought by the school district from 
Charles and Hannah Legg to build a school. It must have 
been built in 1896 and was the only school built in this 
section. The first teacher in 1896 was Bud Dalton. Others 
were Grace Ames, Bill Adams, Hiram Miller, Dollie Brown, 
Herman McCormick, Clyde Catt, Roy Linder, Henry Kirts 
and Katherine Kerick. The land is now owned by Hamer 
Stone. 

Mr. J. N. Yost continues: 

"From what I can find, some school districts were 
large with many children. The school on land now owned 
by Hamer Stone served a large district. There were too 
many children for the school building, so the district was 
divided. That was when Scott school started. Some of 
the Michl District was added to Scott, also from South 
Bend. Thus Scott and South Bend School. 

"All four schools, Newlin, Michl, Scott and South 



Bend in the Bend community were consolidated in 1919 
to form District 210 with Crawford County, Martin Town- 
ship, Section 1, Town 5, Range 14. The school building 
was started in 1949 and completed in 1950. School was 
held in the new building at the start of the fall term in 
September, 1950." 

The first South Bend Congregational Christian Church 
was built in 1885. The present building was erected in 
1895. Land was donated by Joseph Reigle. They have a 
pastor who comes twice a month — second and fourth Sun- 
days. They have Sunday School every Sunday at 9:30 
A. M. and on the second and fourth Sundays they have 
preaching after Sunday School, and also at 7:00 o'clock 
on those Sunday evenings. 

Their regular attendance is not large, around 20 to 
30. Many of the congregation have died, others moved 
away. The South Bend is not so thickly settled as it used 
to be. Being a farming community, one farmer with 
modern machinery can farm so many more acres, thus 
small farms where big families used to work and live are 
now made into large farms and the people left to find 
their fortunes elsewhere. This, too, is a pity for a fine 
little community like the South Bend people should have 
continued to live here and prosper. 



History of Sainte Marie Schools 

Joseph Picquet tried continually to get a religious 
order to come to Sainte Marie. In 1861 the St. Joseph 
Sisters of Corondolet, Mo., came to take charge of the 
school. They were recalled in 1871 and Geo. Hubert of 
Evansville, Ind., took charge of the school. 

In the mansion vacated by the St. Joseph Sisters, an 
infirmary was established in 1880 by the Sisters of Chari- 
ty who cared for a number of aged patients as well as 
going about in the community helping care for the sick. 

By 1893 there were so many children of grade school 
age in the congregation that the whole building was made 
into a Parochial School and the Ursuline Nuns of Alton, 
111., were engaged to teach the school. They continued to 
teach until the school was consolidated in 1947. The new 
school was built in 1938, using much of the funds left to 
the school by Joseph Kaufmann, the first child baptized 
in Sainte Marie. 

A square or block almost in the center of the town is 
where you will find the Church, School, Parish House and 
Parish Hall surrounded by a park. Here is where the 
Labor Day picnic is held on the first Monday in Septem- 
ber every year. Hundreds of former residents come hun- 
dreds of miles to see the old home town and visit with 
their relatives and friends. 

Across the street south is the village park given by 
Joseph Picquet when the village was laid out in 1847. 
Shaded by fine old maple trees on four sides, a baseball 
diamond is the center of attraction. Sainte Marie has 
always had a baseball team. The Saints have always 
given a good account of themselves, each year winning 
more games than they lost. 

Sainte Marie Consolidated School 

School District No. 10 

Changes come to all things, so it was with the school 
system in Sainte Marie. For more than 100 years the 
school was Parochial, taught by Nuns from different 



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orders, then a new order of affairs swept the country. 
The little red school house was obsolete, schools were 
consolidated. 

A new brick school was built in Sainte Marie. Parish 
owned, but rented to the state, it was to be state super- 
vised, but nuns continued to teach. 

In September, 1947, the following districts were con- 
solidated, the students being brought in each day by bus: 
Districts 105, Raeftown; 104, North Bend; 91, Pond Grove; 
90, Assumption; 77, Ochs; 73, Dallmier; 74, Kessler; 79, 
Greenwood; and in 1948 and 1949 parts of 100, South 
Bend, and 78, Richards, were added. 

The new brick school has four classrooms, office and 
library with kitchen and lunchroom in the basement. The 
Public School building in the same block is also used. Here 
fifth, sixth and seventh grades are taught in the two large 
classrooms. A music room for band, and a shop where 
youngsters are taught to use tools are in the basement. A 
fine playground and park surround and connect the two 
schools, making it all a fine arrangement for the 181 
pupils who attend Sainte Marie Consolidated School. 

Directors for the Sainte Marie Consolidated School 
District are: President, Lawrence Huber; secretary, Nor- 
bert Sheridan; Richard Hunzinger, Theodore Kocher, Dan 
Ochs, Francis Wagner and Marion Kapper. 

Members of the faculty are: Sister Mary Valeria 
Early, principal, grade 8, Sainte Marie; Sister Marie 
Grant, grades 1 and 2, Sainte Marie; Sister Ruthanne 
Huss, grade 3, Sainte Marie; Mrs. Helen Baker, grade 4, 
Newton; Vincent Kellei\ grades 5 and 6, West Liberty; 
Henry J. Kirts, assistant principal, grade 7, Sainte Marie; 
Mrs. Genevieve Wilson, music, Thursday and Friday morn- 
ings, Newton; school nurse, Mrs. Maxine Hartrich, Sainte 
Marie; secretary, Mrs. Melba Rose Sheridan, West 
Liberty. 

In 1936 a Mothers' Club was organized in the school 
by Mrs. Ferdinand Hartrich. The primary motives were: 
First, to hold meetings where the parents could talk to 
the teachers, who then were the Ursuline Nuns of Alton, 
concerning any problem that might come up in the school ; 
and secondly, a long range plan to have at some time a 
hot lunch program for the students of the school. The 
club has continued to operate, and all this and much more 
has been accomplished. A kitchen and dining room have 
been outfitted in the basement of the school, and the 
students have a nutritious lunch at a nominal cost. 

Sainte Marie Public Schools 1916-1946 

During World War I there was an increasing interest 
in high school education and the State Legislature passed 
high school district laws to meet the demands. Along 
with this there was developed the two-year, one-room high 
school concept. Following this there was a wave of high 
school district elections formulating districts. Willow 
Hill interests formed a district which included territory 
south to Sainte Marie. Following this Sainte Marie inter- 
ests formed a four year High School District east and 
south to the county lin e and west to beyond West Liberty. 

The Sainte Marie High School opened its first year 
in the fall of 1916 in the old two-room Weber Hardware 
Store building. The elementary school building was be- 
coming unsafe and four years later they moved the 
grades to the north room of this old store building. Local 
interest in the High School grew rapidly and had a strong 
local support. However, the District area was off-center 
for Sainte Marie and it was seen that the area would not 



justify the construction of a four year high school build- 
ing. As the result of a petition the high school district 
was voted out in 1921 and the area reverted to non-high 
school territory. 

Immediately the Public School directors proceeded to 
move on the construction of a two room building. One 
loom was for a two-year high school and the other for 
a public grade school. This building was occupied in late 
fall of 1922 with Merle D. Yost teaching the 9th and 10th 
grades in the high school and Miss Christine Alblinger 
teaching the eight grades in the elementary school. 

This organization continued until 1946 when the Non- 
High School District was incorporated into the Newton 
Community High School District. 

Dining the above period the following teachers served 
in the system. 

Year High School Elementary School 

1916-17 J. P. Whitsel George Hubert 

1917-18 Chester Prior George Hubert 

1918-19 Charles Maples George Hubert 

1919-20 Merle D. Yost George Hubert 

1920-21 Merle D. Yost Bert Mattingly 

1921-22 J. G. Pugh Bert Mattingly 

1922-23 Merle D. Yost Christine Alblinger 

1923-24 Merle D. Yost Christine Alblinger 

1924-25 Rolla Allison Christine Alblinger 

1925-26 Merle D. Yost Arthur Reis 

1926-27 Merle D. Yost Arthur Reis 

1927-28 Christine Alblinger Henry Kirts 

1928-29 Christine Alblinger Henry Kirts 

1929-30 Rolla Allison Henry Kirts 

1930-31 Christine Alblinger Henry Kirts 

1931-32 Christine Alblinger Henry Kirts 

1932-33 Christine Alblinger Henry Kirts 

1933-34 Christine Alblinger Eugenia Pictor 

1934-35 Christine Alblinger Eugenia Pictor 

1935-36 Christine Alblinger Julia Danforth 

1936-37 Christine Alblinger Julia Danforth 

1937-38 Christine Alblinger Henry Kirts 

1938-1946 Christine Alblinger Henry Kirts 

Sainte Mary's Parish 

Sainte Marie, Illinois 
1962 

Pastor: Rev. George Windsor. 

Trustees: Frank A. Zuber and H. T. Kirts. 

Chairman: Celeste Keller. 

Assistant Chairman: Geraldine Gowin. 

Secretary-Treasurer: Mildred Alblinger. 

Circle Leaders: 

No. 1 — Olivia Sheridan. 

No. 2— Helen Radke. 

No. 3 — Catherine Kocher. 

No. 4 — Serena Kaufmann. 

No. 5 — Bernie Zuber. 

No. 6— Ursula Huff. 

No. 7 — Romona Hunzinger. 

No. 8 — Mary Kessler. 

No. 9 — Letha Zuber. 

No. 10 — Mary Lamkin. 

No. 11 — Gladys Reis. 

No. 12 — Lucille Dallmier. 

Quilt Chairmen: 

Mrs. Christine Hartrich 

Mrs. Louise Keller 



17 



Compliments Of 



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Sainte Marie, 111. 



Congratulations and Best Wishes to 
Sainte Marie Quasquicentennial 



From 



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Southeast Corner Square, Newton, Illinois 



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18 



St. Mary of the Assumption Parish 1934-1 902 

Father Peter J. Virnich served this parish and com- 
munity faithfully and energetically from Oct. 27, 1881, 
until the summer of 1934. From December, 1934, to 
February, 1937, the Rev. Lawrence G. Villing was pastor. 
In June, 1937, Rev. Francis C. Schlepphorst became pas- 
tor, and he immediately made plans for a new school to 
supplant the old Assumption School. By September, 1938, 
the new school was completed at a cost of $14,365. 

In 1940 a nine-room modern brick rectory was built 
at a cost of $10,292. On July 5, 1945, Father Schlepphorst 
exchanged pastorates with Father Anthony J. Stengel of 
St. John's in Quincy, 111. In 1946 new stained glass win- 
dows were installed in the church at a cost of $6,000. Just 
before Father Stengel's sudden death on Aug. 5, 1947, the 
church interior was completely decorated at a cost of 
$8,150. New lighting fixtures for the church were in- 
stalled at a cost of $1,575 for furnishing only. 

For the remainder of 1947 the Very Rev. Joseph De- 
Palma, S.C.J., Superior of the Sacred Heart Mission 
House, was in charge of the parish as Administrator. On 
Jan. 2, 1948, the Rev. George Windsor, the present pastor, 
was appointed in charge of the parish by the late Most 
Rev. James A. Griffin, D.D., Bishop of Springfield-in- 
Illinois, and installed as pastor by the Very Rev. Daniel 
Daly of Mattoon, Dean of the Effingham deanery on Sun- 
day, Jan. 25, 1948. 

On April 10, 1949— Palm Sunday— the Most Rev. Wil- 
liam A. O'Connor, D.D., newly-appointed Bishop of the 
Diocese of Springfield-in-lllinois, administered the Sacra- 
ment of Confirmation for the first time in his life here 
and Larry Kirts was the first person the Bishop ever 
confirmed. 

In May, 1952, the Ursuline Nuns left Sainte Marie 
after 58 years of faithful service to the community. 
Mother Leonie, O.S.U., Mother Margaret Mary, O.S.U., 
and Mother Geraldine, O.S.U., were the last of the Ursu- 
lines to teach in the Assumption School at Sainte Marie. 

In August, 1952, the Dominican Sisters of Springfield, 
111., arrived to assume charge of the teaching in the 
Assumption School. The three Dominicans from the 
Sacred Heart Convent at Springfield were Sister Rose- 
mary, O.P., as Principal and Superior, Sister Mary Denice, 
O.P., and Sister Mary Rita, OP. 

Altar Society 

As long ago as 1866 there was an Altar Society in 
Saint Mary's Church congregation. At that time there 
were 12 members, and a Mrs. Mary Hartrich was the 
president. Part of the record reads: 

"A church dinner will be held the first week in Octo- 
ber. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Picquet promised to donate two 
brace of wild ducks, Mr. and Mrs. Xavier Picquet 12 roast 
prairie chicken. The rest of the parish were to furnish 
vegetables, pickles, jams and jellies, homemade bread and 
pies." 

This is a far cry from the annual church picnic now 
held on Labor Day where hundreds come hundreds of miles 
to see their relatives and friends and get that fine chicken 
and beef dinner served by the ladies of Saint Mary's 
Church. 

Sainte Marie Girls Who Joined Sisterhood 

Order Name in Order Family Name 

St. Joseph Mother M. Severine Louise Miller 

St. Francis Sr. Archangela Josephine Osheimer 

St. Francis Sr. Ceceliana Genevieve Kaufmann 



Providence 
Providence 
Ursuline 
Ursuline 
Ursuline 
Ursuline 
Ursuline 
St. Francis 
C. Doctrine 
St. Francis 
St. Francis 
Providence 
Providence 
St. Joseph 
St. Joseph 
St. Fiancis 
St. Fiam is 
St. Dominie 
St. Francis 
St. Francis 
St. Francis 
Ursuline 
Ursuline 
Ursuline 
St. Fiancis 
St. Francis 
I 'iv, ions Blood 



Sr. Anna Josephine 
Sr. Philomene Marie 
Sr. Julia 

Sr. Cecilia 
Sr. Angela 
Sr. Marie 
Sr. Flavia 
Sr. Charlotte 
Sr. Maiic Amelia 
Sr. Petra 
Sr. Gabriel 
Sr. Perreline 
Sr. Charles 
Si. Elenore 
Sr. John Berchmaus 
Sr. Adelheid 
Sr. M. Angelita 
Sr. Mary Stella 
Sr. M. Angelita 
Sr. M. Carol 
Sr. M. Franeella 
Sr. Carmen 
Sr. M. Eileen 
Sr. Francis Xavier 
Sr. Marilyn 
Sr. Theresa Clare 
Sr. M. Emeliaua 



Anna Kaufmann 

Minnie Kaufmann 

Magdalen Schneider 

Ellen Pictor 

Mary Pictor 

Alice Pictor 

Magdalen Althans 

Zita LaMotte 

Amelia Merceret 

Mary Frichtl 

Philipine Bolander 

Mary Gulhneck 

Emma Cuthneck 

Julia Kaiser 

Marie Hartrich 

Louise Kessler 

Coletta Kaufmann 

Stella Zuber 

Teresa Ochs 

Ruth Kaufmann 

Rosetta Schmidt 

Carmen Huff 

Agnes Pictor 

Eugenia Pictor 

Angela Zuber 

Mary Zeigler 

Clara Zeigler 



History of S. C. J. Mission in Sainte Marie 

Father Henry Hogebach and Father Charles Keilmann 
of the Congregation of the Priests of the Sacred Heart 
arrived in Sainte Marie in January, 1925. For some years 
they and a few of their comrades had been working among 
the Sioux Indians in South Dakota, but now was entrusted 
to them the task of founding an American Province of 
the Congregation and opening a seminary to train Ameri- 
can boys for the priesthood and brotherhood. The small, 
unoccupied buildings on the property of Miss Marie 
Picquet, daughter of Joseph Picquet, founder of Sainte 
Marie, were not the most ideal, but with the permission 
of His Excellency, Bishop James Griffin of Springfield, 
and the help of many benefactors, they were acquired and 
construction and renovation were begun in 1926. 

This same year saw the arrival of the first student 
at the young Sacred Heart Mission House, Joseph Frichtl 
from Newton. 

By 1927, with 12 students for the priesthood, the pre- 
paratory seminary was officially opened and the Rev. 
Bernard Rotcrmann, S.C.J. , who had recently arrived from 
Germany, was appointed first superior. These first years 
were memorable for their many hardships. The desks 
were planks thrown across sawhorses, and as sleeping 
quarters could be arranged for only 8 of the 12 boys, the 
remaining four were accommodated by Miss Picquet in 
her home next door. 

In 1934, the novitiate, which had been established in 
Hales Corners, Wis., was transferred to Sainte Marie, and 
for one year the Mission House functioned as a combined 
novitiate and minor seminary. Th e following year, 1935, 
saw the opening of a house in Donaldson, Ind., to care 
for the preparatory seminary students. Since that time, 
the Mission House has carried on as a novitiate, or basic 
training camp for the spiritual life. 

In 1945, under the direction of Father Frichtl, the 



19 



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20 



first student at the Mission House, work was begun on the 
imposing Sacred Heart Chapel. The chapel was com- 
pleted in 1947 under the direction of Father Joseph 
DePalma, S.C.J. After his term as superior at the Mission 
House, Father Joseph went on to become provincial of the 
North American Province, and is presently Superior 
General of the Congregation, residing in Rome, Italy. 

In the Fall of 1961, with Father Rotermann again 
Superior, the new west wing, containing class and confer- 
ence rooms, library, recreation rooms, quarters for the 
Fathers and Brothers and administative offices was dedi- 
cated by the Most Reverend William A. O'Connor, D.D., 
Bishop of Springfield. 

The present community of the Mission house com- 
prises 4 priests, 5 professed brothers, 27 cleric novices, 2 
brother novices, 31 cleric postulants and 6 brother postul- 
ants. Even larger groups are expected in the future from 
the 200 students in three minor seminaries throughout the 
country. 



Sainte Marie Village Government 

Members of the Town Board of Sainte Marie in this 
year of 1962 are : 

Mayor or Village President, Lawrence Hartrich; 
clerk, Richard Hunzinger; finance chairman, Paul Falte- 
mier; Andrew Sheridan, Robert Swisher, Edward Stone, 
Peter V. Burgund, Leonard Sheridan and Clarence W. 
Wade. 

The General Telephone Company of Illinois, which has 
the telephone franchise in the village and nearby area, 
completed the cut-over from magneto to dial service in 
Sainte Marie in mid-March, 1961. 

The Fire Alarm number for Sainte Marie is Willow 
Hill 3011, with telephones in the Sacred Heart Novitiate 
and the Alblinger & Kirts garage, giving 24-hour service. 

City Water Works 

For years the people of Sainte Marie talked of water 
works for the village — not only a really good supply of 
water for the people, but water for sanitation, as well as 
for fire fighting. In September, 1953, the Village Board 
with B. L. Huff as Mayor, put on an intensive drive for a 
city water works. A well 54 feet deep, located north of 
town, across the Embarras River was drilled. It came in 
flowing such an amount of fresh water that the engineers 
told the town board that the supply would never run out. 

The city water system was then constructed in 1954 
at a cost of $83,000. It was put in by Wendell Stokes of 
Decatur, 111. To cover the cost $10,000 was paid in gen- 
eral obligation bonds and $73,000 in revenue bonds. All 
the revenue bonds were sold locally. 

A 30,000-gallon water tower which reaches a height 
only slightly less than 100 feet is located in the center of 
Sainte Marie, giving good service to all parts of the town. 
The bonds are being retired regularly. 

City water is used in nearly every home and business 
in the village. It has added much to the lives of the 
people, not only in a general well-being, but there are 
more beautiful flower and vegetable gardens, and greener 
lawns. The city water works are paying out in more 
ways than one. 

Fire Department 

Sainte Marie was almost 100 years old before it had 
a fire of any consequence. Lightning struck Sainte Marie's 



Church on the night of March 18, 1933, during a spring 
thunderstorm and burned it to the ground. It was a 
terrible loss. 

A few years later Ed Barthelme's Grocery Store 
caught fire and it, too, burned to the ground because of 
the lack of fire-fighting equipment. This really woke 
the people up. A used fire truck was tried with the idea 
of purchasing it if found effective. It was an old fash- 
ioned type fire truck, and soon became obsolete. 

On Oct. 1, 1959, the first fire department in the 
Village of Sainte Marie was organized. It began with 17 
men, working as volunteer firemen. They were: Richard 
Hunzinger, fire chief; I. D. Kocher, assistant chief; Paul 
Faltemier, secretary; B. L. Huff, treasurer. 

The other volunteer firemen were Merece Go win, 
Eugene Hartrich, Harold Hartrich, Lawrence Hartrich, 
Paul Hartrich, Paul Hunzinger, Lawrence Kirts, Ronald 
Kirts, Ephrem Rennier, Leonard Sheridan, Edward Stone 
and Clarence Wade. 

The fire truck, used, was purchased from the Oblong 
Fire District. 

Electric Power in Sainte Marie 

In August, 1921, a special election was called to vote 
on electricity for the Village of Sainte Marie. The elec- 
tion was passed by a vote of two to one. 

In the fall of 1922 the plant was installed in a brick 
building now occupied by Hartrich's grocery. 

It was a D. C. plant with motor-charged batteries. 
Power was limited. Homemakers were told to use their 
electric washing machines only on Mondays. Tuesday 
was ironing day. The motors were run continuously on 
those days to provide power. Sam Barker was plant 
engineer. Mr. Barker took his job so seriously there were 
nights when he slept at the plant. 

Street lights were only on until 11 P. M., at which 
time all good citizens were supposed to be off the streets 
and at home for the night. 

Ireneus Barthelme was mayor at this time. This sort 
of electric power went on for seven years. Then Central 
Illinois Public Service Co. power service came into the 
county. 

Again the village voted on electric power for the 
village. Again it passed by a good margin. 

C. I. P. S. was contracted to build power lines to fur- 
nish electric power for the village. Power lines, like the 
city water works, added much to the lives of the people. 

Hallick Shryock was mayor at this time and E. J. 
Gangloff village clerk. Of all th e fine work Mr. Gangloff 
did on the Village Board, this was his last contract 
written. 



Civil War Veterans 

Along with many of their other good qualities the 
people of Sainte Marie have always been very patriotic. 

This history of Sainte Marie village and township 
would not be complete without the names of our War 
Veterans. After long weeks and months of searching, 
I've come up with a list of our Civil War Veterans; I hope 
it is complete. 

Pvt. Milton Allison, Co. C, 43 Ind. Inf. 

Pvt. Francis Althaus, Co. E, 6 111. Cav. 

Pvt. William Bixler. 

Pvt. Mathew Casey, Co. K, 32 111. Inf. 

Pvt. Joseph Collins, Co. K, 32 111. Inf. 



21 



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22 



Civil War Veterans 



World War II 



Pvt. Joseph Schwager, Co. E., 111. Inf. 

Pvt. Joseph Shedlebower, Co. K, 38th 111. Inf. 

Pvt. Michael C. Shedlebower, Co. E., 54th 111. Inf. 

Pvt. George W. Shelly, Dat. H. 4, U. S. Art. 

Cpl. George Spitzer, Co. E., 54th 111. Inf. 

Pvt. Louis Spitzer, Co. E., 54th 111. Inf. 

Pvt. Steven Stark, C. 

Pvt. Xavier Wimmer, C. 

Henry Kirts, Co. F., 5th Reg. Vol. 111. Cav. 



Spanish American War 



Arthur Hunzinger 
Charles Wilson 



John Ready 
Walter Shoffstall 



World War I 



August F. Alblinger 
John J. Alblinger 
Clemence Burgund 
Noah Bahl 
P. A. Derler 
Howard Fehrenbacher 
Timothy Huff 
John E. Michl 
Alex Ochs 



Sylvester Schwager 
Louis Spannagel 
Everette Jacquet, 

U. S. MCIA ALLA 
Sylvester Kolb, 

111. U. S. Army 
Severine Raef, 

Killed in action. 



Joseph Barthelme 
Eugene Barthelme 
Marion Bahl 
Capt. Grover Cleveland 

Brown, M. D. 
Paul Bogard 
Norman Copper 
James Cunningham 
Leo Curtright 
Edmund Fowler 
Delbert Geltz 
Francis Geltz 
Norbert Geltz 
Gerald Geltz 
James Geltz 
Gerald Goss 
James Hahn 
Lawrence Hartrich 
Harold Hartrich 
Henry Hartrich 
Jerold Hartrich 
Albert Helregel 
Vincent Helregel 
Fred Hoecherl 
Peter Hoffman Jr. 
Edward Huber 
Francis Huber 



Ralph Huber 
John Huss 
Chester Huss 
John C. Jackson 
Arthur Keller 
Herman Keller 
I. D. Kocher 
Maynard Kocher 
Chester Menacher 
Eugene Menke 
Eugene Michl 
Paul Mullinax 
Pat Moran 
Norman Neeley 
Earl Ochs 
Maynard Ochs 
Clarence Ochs 
Elmer Ray Ochs 
Melburn Ritz 
Victor Ritz 
Walter Spitzer 
Darrel Yager 
Stanley Yager 
Victor Yost 
Samuel Zuber 
Eugene Zuber 
Charles Wright 



Mrs. G. C. Brown has the sword which her father, Cpl. 
George Spitzer, used during the Civil War. He was dis- 
charged at Little Rock, Ark., Jan. 31, 1861. Mrs. Brown 
also has two land grants issued to her grandfather, 
Mathias Miller, in 1850. One was signed by President 
Zachary Taylor and the other by President Millard 
Fillmore. 



4-H leader names not on record at the Home Bureau 
office: Mrs. Bernadette Reis, leader 1950 and 1951; Miss 
Patricia Reis, 1952, Club, Mothers Helpers. 

Past Trustees of Saint Mary's Church: David Ochs, 
Francis Guthnick, Andrew Sheridan, Anthony Reis, James 
Spitzer, James Keller, Daniel Kocher, Frank Zuber, Har- 
ley Kirts. 



The Mother's Helpers 4-H club is led by Mrs. Leona Kocher. 

Officers for 1962 are: President, Linda Kocher; vice-president, Cathy Helregel; secretary, Sheryl Kocher; recrea- 
tion leaders, Peggy Helregel and Brenda Kocher; song leader, Janet Kocher, and County Federation delegates, Mary 
Ellen Kocher and Sheryl Kocher. 

Over the past years the club members have consistently scored high in the county achievement activities. 



In addition, we wish to express appreciation to Hartrich Bros. Grocery and Meat Processing Plant and Ed Stone 

Heavy Equipment of Sainte Marie and Harmon's Rexall Drug Store of Oblong, whose advertisements were inadvertently 

omitted. 

22-A 



Pvt. Louis Dashler, Co. E, 54 111. Inf. 

Pvt. Henry Edwards, Co. E. 

Pvt. Thomas Fitzsimmons, Co. K, 32 111. Inf. 

Pvt. Joseph Fare, Co. E, 54 111. Inf. 

Captain Sebastian Shedlebower. 

Rhoda Fore, Nurse, A. N. C. 

Fucho; Assumption Cemetery 

Cpl. Henry Greives, Co. E, 54 111. Cav. 
Pvt. Patrick Hynes, Co. E, 54 111. Inf. 
Pvt. Nicholas Miller, Co. K, 54 111. Inf. 
Pvt. Adam New, Co. K, 32 111. Inf. 
Cpl. Cornelius O'Donnell, Co. K, 32 111. Inf. 
Sgt. Daniel O'Donnell, Co. B, 155 111. Inf. 
2/Lt. Xavier Picquet, Co. K, 32 111. Inf. 
Pvt. Francis Plassiard, Co. K, 32 111. Inf. 
Pvt. Robert Polyys, Co. C, 63 111. Inf. 
Pvt. Peter Raef, Co. B, 155 111. Inf. 
Lt.-Col. John J. Rider, Co. K, 32 111. Inf. 
Pvt. Andrew Rohr, Co. 1, 9 Ohio Inf. 
Pvt. Jacob Schwager, 23 N. F., 21 Inf. Div. 
Theo. E. Piper, German Lutheran Cemetery. 
George J. Wagner, Haven Hill Cemetery, Olney. 
(George J. Wagner was with Gen. Sherman, on that 
historic march "From Atlanta to the 1 Sea.") 

Names and Records in South Bemd Cemetery 

Michael Miller C. Pvt., Co. C, 155 111. Inf. 

Addison Fulton, C. Sgt., V G Ohio Inf. 

W. M. Trobaugh, C, Co. B, 98 111. Inf. 

Thomas J. Underhill, C. 1810-1892. 

Jo Anderson Baily, C. March 1, 1892. 

Thomas Brownfield, C. Co., G3 111. Inf. 

William Brownfield, June, 1844-Jan., 1920. 

Victor Wright, C. 111. Corp., 20 Inf., Oct. 2, 1863. 

Arnold Wright, C. Cpl., Co. M, 111. 20 Inf. 

Milt. Police, Bn, June 6, 1927-July 22, 1958, William 
E. Hardig. 

I have Mr. Dorthan Reigle, R. R. Oblong, III. (South 
Bend) to thank for the above names of War Veterans. 
Mr. Reigle added: 

"There are only a few that have government head 
stones with their Army record on their head stones." 

Civil War Veterans in Vager Cemetery, Bend 

Johnson C. Yager, C., Co. E, 54 111. Inf. 
Peter Yager, Pvt., C, 36 111. Inf. 
Q. T. Miller, C. 

World War II Veteran in Yager Cemetery 

Gaylord Yager. 

On April 9, 1865, the Army of Virginia laid down its 
arms near Appomattox Court House, and then turned 
homeward, no longer Confederate soldiers but American 
citizens. The Civil War was over. 

The officers and men were allowed to go home on 
their paroles not to take up arms against the United 
States until exchanged, and the former were to retain 
their private baggage and horses. 

After the surrender had been concluded General Lee 
said he had forgotten to mention that many of his soldiers 
rode their own horses. 

General Grant at once replied that such should keep 
their horses to aid them in their future work at home. 

Several of these horses came back to Sainte Marie. 
Lt.-Col. J. J. Rider brought back his horse. 

Paul Rider of Berea, Ohio, sent this: "He was a dark 



chestnut, with white blaze face and four white legs, from 
top of hoof to knee. He was exceptionally intelligent, very 
spirited and was addicted to the sound of band music. 
His name was "General." He would begin to prance at 
the first sound of band music and was not content until 
he could follow the band around town. The horse would 
eat only so much grain, would never founder himself and 
would rather drink water out of the rain barrel than to 
dtink the cleaner spring or pump water out of the trough. 
"First, from my father's recitation, his father's last 
title was that of Colonel. I know of two battles he fought 
in and have read some of the history of these battles, as 
recorded in several volumes in the Historical Building 
located at the Civil War Memorial Park at Chattanooga- 
Chickamauga battlefield. 

"In one of the volumes, it refers to Captain J. J. 
Rider. It relates the situation as to where, because of a 
set of circumstances, Captain Rider had to give commands 
which were contrary to the line of strategy intended. He 
did this entirely on his own judgment and in the light of 
the situation prevailing. He was called before a court- 
martial and after the hearing was held and the facts 
brought to light, he was highly commended for his action 
ami cited for his brilliant judgment. This led to his pro- 
motion to a colonelship. That is a brief synopsis of the 
historical recording." 



World War I Veterans 



Frank Antey 
Lester Barthelme 
Alexander Bolander 
Frank Beasler 
Charles Curtright 
Guss Deckard 
Otto Graham 
Joseph Geltz 
Maurice Gangloff 
Jolin Hoffman 
Jim Hipp 
Raymond Hines 
Eugene Hines 
George Hoecherl 
Aloysius Helregel 
John Helregel 
Frank Kidwell 
Charles Kerner 
Louis F. Kirts 
Justine Litzelman 
Leo Litzelman 
William Michl 
Leonard Mankl 
Bert Mattingly 
Harlen Miller 
Daral Miller 
Millard Miller 



John A. Michl 
Paul McCullough 
Walter Eugene Picquet 
George Rerrnier 
Jos. Strutner 
Aloysius J. Spitzer 
Martin Shedlebower 
Frank Zuber 
Charles Bolander 
Andrew Bolander 
Harry Curtright 
George Derler 
George Geiger 
George W. Fowler 
Urban Hines 
Harley Kirts 
Alex Leinhart 
George Menacher 
Joseph Murry 
Dan Ochs 
Merle D. Yost 
William Aiken 
Don Aiken 
Joseph Barthelme 
Raymond Burgund 
Oscar Charles Barthelme 



World War II Veterans 



Ralph Curtright 
Charles Frauli 
Albert F. Fisher 
Edward W. Faltemier 
Paul E. Faltemier 



Norse W. Weiscope 
James R. Ziegler 
Frederick A. Zuber 
Henry J. Zuber 
Leo Herbert Zuber 



23 



ESTABLISHED 1875 



87 Years of Continuous Service 



THE PEOPLES STATE BANK 



of Newton, Illinois 



Another Old Established Landmark of This 



Area Salutes the Village of Sainte Marie 
Upon Attaining Their 125th Anniversary 



Compliments Of 



GEORGE E. SHIPLEY 



U. S. Congressman 



RIVER PARK 



MOTEL AND CAFE 



Routes 130 & 33 



Newton, 111. 



MR. & MRS. DEAN PARKER 



STANLEY EAGLESON 



OLDSMOBILE - CADILLAC 



OIney, Illinois 



24 



George Goss 
Robert G. Geltz 
Charles Edward Geltz 
John J. Hoecherl 
Albert C. Helregel 
Edward L. Huber 
Clifford F. Huss 
Clifford James Huff 
Earl F. Huff 
Eugene H. Hartrich 
Carl A. Hipp 
Stanley R. Hynes 
Paul George Hunzinger 
Harry Elden C. Hunzinger 
Richard A. Hunzinger 
Leroy Huss 
Ralph Harold Huber 
Paul Joseph Hartrich 
Gerald M. Huff 
George M. Keller 
George M. Keller 
John M. Miller 
Darrel E. Miller 
Jerome C. Ochs 
Augustine W. Ochs 
Robert C. Ochs 
Philip G. Ochs 
Wilmer A. Ochs 
Urban J. Ochs 
Ralph T. Rennier 
James Anthony Reis 
Francis J. Rennier 
Oscar G. Strutner 
Raymond L. Shryock 
Clarence Shryock 
Louis W. Valbert 
Charles Herchel Valbert 
Clarence W. Wade 
Clyde E. Wade 



Vincent F. Huber 
Vernon C. Schwager 
Theodore A. Kocher 
Ralph R. Ochs 
Dorris A. Hetgen 
Ferdinand L. Shedlebower 
Wilmer Goss 
Harold H. Hann 
Donald L. Hartrich 
Leonard G. Sheridan 
Ralph E. Kidinell 
Sylvan M. Kocher 
Kenneth J. Yost 
Eugene N. Ederer 
Vincent Boehl 
Robert M. Swisher 
Lawrence C. Huber 
Donald G. Spitzer 
George W. Moran 
Thomas B. Ochs 
Julius Reis 
Jerome A. Ochs 
Odilo J. Bolander 
Ralph G. Kidwell 
Bernard J. Kaufmann 
First Lt. Maxine J. 

Cunningham 
Donald J. Boehl 
Ireneaus Edward Ochs 
Louis Lawrence Huss 
Oscar James Boehl 
Eugene Joseph Dallmier 
Harry Joseph Maginn 
Herman Wayne Burgener 
Harold Eugene Shryock 
Philip Bernard Burgund 
Peter Victor Burgund 
George Audrew Dallmier 



World War II War Veterans 
St. Valentines Cemetery 

George Geiger, Pvt., Hq., 8 Army Corps. 

Edward W. Klueg, Pvt., Co. 1, 1 Bn., 1G0 D. B. 

Paul J. McCullough, 1st Lt., Co. B, 130 Inf., 33 Div. 

Eugene F. Michl, Sgt., Co. A, 311 Signal B. N. 

As in all wars prison camps are bad. Andersonville 
Prison, Andersonville, Georgia, during the Civil War came 
into existence in February, 1864, under conditions which 
made it inevitable that it would become the worst of the 
lot. Lieutenant Xavier Picquet and Joseph Shedlebower 
of Sainte Marie were two of the prisoners there. There 
was little food and less water. The men were actua 
starving for water. They started digging on a hill side 
in the hope of finding water. Without question many 
were praying. 

A bolt of lightning struck the hill side and water 
gushed forth and to this day is fresh spring water gushing 
forth. 

Providence Spring 

The prisoners cry rang up to heaven. 
God heard and His thunder cleft the earth 
And poured His sweetest water gushing here. 
The above historical data taken from American Heri- 
tage, August, 1959, and Leaflet from Andersonville Prison 
Park, Andersonville, Ga. 



Korean War 

In trying to find the names of the Korean War vet- 
erans, we found it utterly impossible to get them correct- 
ly. Many young men who were in uniform and in the 
armed forces for some time were not considered a Korean 
War veteran. So we gave it up. 

However, any young man who has been in the armed 
forces has our sincerest admiration. 



American Legion and Post Home 

When World War I was over and the American Legion 
was formed in 1919, the war veterans from Sainte Marie 
joined Post 20 in Newton. There were possibly 12 of them. 

After the World War II veterans came home, it be- 
came evident the veterans of Sainte Marie and surround- 
ing territory needed a Post Home of their own. 

An American Legion post for Sainte Marie was dis- 
cussed in December of 1945 with the first organizational 
meeting being held in the Sainte Marie School. The first 
membership cards were issued under date of Dec. 17, 1945, 
and were for the .year 1946. 

H. T. Kirts was elected the first post commander. A 
post charter was applied for Dec. 13, 1945, with Howard 
Fehrenbacher, Dan Ochs, Leonard Menke, Louis Kirts, 
Noah Bahl, Andrew Bolander, Charles Curtright, Ralph 
Curtright, Robert O'Brien, Joseph P. Strutner, Oscar 
Strutner, Charles A. Frauli, Edward W. Faltemier, George 
Derler and Joseph E. Barthelme as charter members. 

The post was incorporated Nov. 17, 1949, under the 
"General, not for profit" corporation act of the State of 
Illinois, with M. R. Brackett, Harry Hunzinger, Leonard 
Menke, Louis Kirts and Howard Fehrenbacher as the 
first board of directors. 

In the fall of 1949 the members hit upon the idea of 
building and owning their own post home. Up to now, 
they had been meeting in the room above the Alblinger & 
Kirts hardware store. Donations for the building cost 
were taken up among the members and other interested 
persons and lot No. 14 in block "C" was donated by J. J. 
Alblinger, H. T. Kirts and L. C. Kirts. 

After construction was completed more funds were 
needed to pay outstanding bills, and a mortgage was 
given to the Sainte Marie Bank for the amount borrowed, 
for a period of five years payable in installments. 

In 19 months on Aug. 29, 1951, or 41 months ahead 
of the due date, this mortgage was paid in full. On 
Wednesday, Nov. 14, 1951, the post held a mortgage- 
burning ceremony, with Auxiliary members and their 
husbands, the Town Board, and a bank representative as 
guests. The mortgage was burned in the old tin hat Louis 
Spannagel wore in combat during World War I. A real 
party was held with free food and drinks, and a dance in 
the evening. 

The post continued to grow in membership, as also 
did the Legion Auxiliary unit, making the building on 
occasions too small to accommodate the crowd. At the 
first meeting in January, 1954, a motion was brought 
before the post to build an addition to the building. The 
motion was voted on, and carried by a vote of 38 to 4. 

At this time, Lawrence Hartrich was commander. A 
building committee was appointed. Paul Hartrich was 
chairman, and Joe Strutner, Joe Barthelme, Leonard 
Menke and Paul Bogard were selected as the other mem- 
bers. The new addition added 30 feet to the Legion Home. 



25 



(; reelings From 

Dot's Beauty Shop 

Sainte Marie, 111. 



Ruge' Fashion Shoppe 

Newton's Leading Ladies Ready-to- Wear 
West Side Square Newton, Illinois 



Compliments Of 

Mont Eagle Mills Inc. 

Phone 1221 Oblong, 111. 



Mason True Blue Gas Co. 

Oblong Appliance & Furniture Co. 
Call Us Collect In Oblong, 111. 



Gaffner's 

For Drugs & Jewelry 
Olney, Illinois 



Compliments and Best Wishes From 

Burton's Store 



Oblong, 111. 



Best Wishes to a Fine Community for a 
Successful Quasquicentennial 

Floyd's Place 

Oblong, 111. 



0. A. Davis 

Newton, 111. 

Real Estate, Farm Management, Appraisals 

Sales, Farm & City Properties 
Office 3rd Door North of First Nat'l. Bank 
Neil Strole, Salesman O. A. Davis, Prop. 



Jos A. Boos & Son 

Dry Goods and Clothing 
Newton, 111. 



Compliments Of 

Rauch's Jewelry 

Southwest Corner Square, Newton, Illinois 



Compliments Of 

Parklanes Bowling Center 

and Dining Room 
Newton, 111. 



Where Quality Meets Economy 

Sims Furniture Store 

Furniture — Rugs — Bedding 
Magic Chef and Tappan Ranges 

Newton, 111. 



26 



The basement also was extended equally, making room 
for a fully equipped kitchen, which the Legion Auxiliary 
furnished. 

Orville Collings donated the digging of the basement 
and post members gave their labor, working whenever 
they could. The American Legion Home of Post 932 in 
Sainte Marie was made into a building any small town 
would be proud to have. 

The Legion this year has reached a new high in mem- 
bership, 151 members, and that figure in a town of 400 
inhabitants is something to be proud of. Donald C. Spitzer 
was the 1961-62 commander with Patrick J. Moran in- 
stalled July 2, 1962. 

The above historical facts were taken from the min- 
utes of American Legion Post 932, Sainte Marie, Illinois, 
Jasper County. The two men from our community who 
died while in the service during World War II were: 
William Ochs, son of Mr. and Mrs. Alex Ochs, and Virgil 
Ederer, son of Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas Ederer. 

Francis Schwager lost his life in the Korean conflict, 
and Charles Rodgers overseas. 

Commanders of Post 932 

1945-46 H. T. Kirts, W. W. 2, Sainte Marie, 111. 

1946-47 Edward Faltemier, W. W. 2, Livingston, 111. 

1947-49 Paul Hartrich, W. W. 2, Sainte Marie, 111. 

1949-50 Otis Maxwell, W. W. 2, Brookane, 111. 

1950-51 Harold Hartrich, W. W. 2, Sainte Marie, 111. 

1951-52 Louis Spannagel, W. W. 2, Willow Hill, 111. 

1952-53 Maynard R. Brackett, W. W. 2, Newton, 111. 

1953-54 Lawrence Hartrich, W. W. 2, Sainte Marie, 111. 

1954-55 Riley Chapman, W. W. 2, Willow Hill, 111. 

1955-56 James A. Geltz, Korean, West Liberty, 111. 

1956-57 Leonard Menke, W. W. 1, West Liberty, 111. 

1957-58 Irenaeus D. Kocher, Korean, Sainte Marie, 111. 

1958-59 L. D. Robins, W. W. 2, West Liberty, 111. 

1959-60 George W. Moran, W. W. 2, Sainte Marie, 111. 

1960-61 James J. Cunningham, Korean, Sainte Marie, 111. 

1961-62 Donald C. Spitzer, W. W. 2. 

1962-63 Patrick J. Moran, Korean, Sainte Marie, 111. 
Installed July 2, 1962. 

American Legion Auxiliary Post 932 

With the full-fledged and flourishing American Legion 
Post in town, it was soon evident that a Legion Auxiliary 
would be a great asset. A meeting was held in the 
Alblinger and Kirts Hall in January, 1949, and on Feb. 2, 
1949, an application for a charter was made. There were 
14 charter members: Mrs. Georgiana Brown, Marjorie 
Barthelme, Marie Curtright, Elizabeth Geltz, Lucie Hart- 
rich, Clara Hartrich, Romona Hunzinger, Viola Keller, 
Martha Kocher, Frances Menke, Geneva Shedlebower, 
Marcella Strutner, Agnes Strutner and Olivia Sheridan. 

The new Unit adopted the name, Sainte Marie Unit 
Post 932. Mrs. Christine Rockemeyer, district director, 
Mt. Vernon, installed the following officers for the first 
year of the new American Legion Auxiliary: President, 
Mrs. Clara Hartrich; vice-president, Mrs. Frances Menke; 
secretary, Mrs. Geneva Shedlebower; treasurer. Mrs. 
Agnes Strutner; chaplain, Mrs. Martha Kocher; sergeant- 
at-arms, Mrs. Lucie Hartrich; historian, Mrs. Olivia 
Sheridan. 

Miss Joan Kirts, daughter of H. T. and Lena Kirts, 
was the first junior sent to Girls' State at Jacksonville, 
111. 



At the close of 1950 there were 63 members in the 
Auxiliary. Mrs. Dorothy Huber, past president as dele- 
gate attended the American Legion Auxiliary convention 
in Chicago, Aug. 6-9. 

Sainte Marie Auxiliary has been 100% and quota 
every year since its beginning, averaging 36 members per 
meeting. The unit now has grown to 111, a grand exam- 
ple of what a small town with determination to grow, can 
do. Through the years Sainte Marie Auxiliary has enter- 
tained guests from Newton, Olney, Robinson, Effingham, 
Breese, Carlyle, Mt. Vernon, Mt. Carmel, Annapolis and 
Lawrenceville. One of the members, Mrs. Louis Span- 
nagel has attended every meeting of the past 12 years. 

Past Auxiliary presidents are: Mrs. Clara Hartrich, 
1949; Mrs. Dorothy Huber, 1949-50; Mrs. Olivia Sheridan, 
1950-51; Mrs. Agnes Strutner, 1951-52; Mrs. Maxine Hart- 
rich, 1952-53; Mrs. Martha Kocher, 1953-54; Mrs. Mabel 
Grove, 1954-55; Mrs. Lucy Hartrich, 1955-56; Mrs. Verma 
Elder, 1956-57; Mrs. Grace Ochs, 1957-58; Mrs. Regina 
Faltemier, 1958-59; Mrs. Johnnie Moran, 1959-60; Mrs. 
Renee Spitzer, 1960-61; Mrs. Lenore Spannagel, 1961-62. 

Girls who were sent to Girls State at Jacksonville, 
111., by the Auxiliary were Joan Kirts, Sylvia Ann Geltz, 
Joan McCormack, Joyce Alblinger, Patsy Reis, Marilyn 
Beaver, Nancy Hartrich, Shirley Stone, Marjorie Keller, 
Mary Ruth Hartrich, Ann Moran and Celeste Schmidt. 

Besides sending a girl to Girls State each year to 
learn, the Auxiliary sponsors many worthwhile projects. 
They decorate the war veterans' graves on Memorial Day. 
They are active in child welfare, care for a boy at Dewey 
Cottages, have a clothing drive each year for the under- 
privileged children and disaster areas of the United States. 
They do many things for war veterans and sell veterans' 
crafts each year. They also take part in cancer programs 
in the county and have many interesting and informative 
speakers through the year. 

The Auxiliary is not all work and business. They 
have fun as well with Halloween dances, Christmas par- 
ties, gift exchange, Legion birthday supper and dance, 
potluck supper with entertainment, sings and auctions. 

Our membership includes members from West Liber- 
ty, Dundas, Willow Hill and the Bend as well as Sainte 
Marie. 

Sainte Marie has always had the name of being a 
most friendly place and co-operative, too. May the 
Auxiliary help to keep it so. 

On June 11, 1962, at the regular American Legion 
Auxiliary meeting the following officers were elected, for 
1962-1963: President, Evelyn Kocher; vice-president, 
Betty Ochs; secretary, Renee Spitzer; treasurer, Mary 
Hartrich; chaplain, Regina Faltemier; historian, Lenore 
Spannagel; sergeant-at-arms, Hilda Dallmier. 



Sainte Marie Tribune 1906 

(Sainte Mari© Market Corrected Every Thursday) 

Wheat per bushel $ .80 

Hay per ton 8.00 

Corn per bushel — new .34 

Oats per bushel .26 

Flour per cwt. 2.50 

Corn Meal per bushel .60 

Potatoes per bushel .80 

Onions per bushel .75 

Eggs per dozen .13 



27 



Compliments Of 



ED. BARTHELME'S 



SONS STORE 



Sainte Marie, 111. 



Compliments Of 



TONY'S TAVERN 



Sainte Marie, 111. 



Compliments Of 



OLNEY COCA-COLA 



BOTTLING CO. 



Olney, 111. 



Compliments Of 

D. D. HAMILTON 
SALVAGE YARD 

Dealers in Oil Field Scrap, 
Structural Pipe and Rods. 

Hi-Way 130— South Edge of Newton, 111. 



Bus. Phone 130 



Res. Phone 445 



28 



Breakfast Bacon per lb. .13 

Country Lard per lb. .10 

Hams, country cured, per lb. .15 

Country Bacon per lb. .08 

Shoulder per lb. .08 

Butter, country, per lb. .16 

Butter, creamery, per lb. .30 

Chickens — Hens per lb. .09 

Turkeys per lb. .13 

Turkey Cobblers per lb. .13 

Ducks por lb. .07 

Rye per bushel .60 

Land Worth 200 Times Cost 

Sainte Marie is essentially a farming community. 
Many of the land owners can trace back for four or five 
generations the land belonging to the same family. 

Much of this land has increased in value more than 
200 times its original prica of $1.25 per acre paid by the 
founding fathers. With one son or daughter taking over 
the farm, the others would have to look for work or busi- 
ness ventures elsewhere. That is one reason why Sainte 
Marie hasn't grown in size and so many fine young people 
have been lost to the community. 

With the older generations continually taking crops 
off the land and never putting anything back, yields were 
getting to a dangerous low. Then the younger genera- 
tion, with their knowledge of limestcne, phosphate and 
fertilizers, again brought the land back to its original 
fertility. Once again, the farming area looks like, as the 
early history books described it, "the fertile prairies of 
Illinois". 

River Bottom Farm Land Development 

The early settlers chose the low bluff along the River, 
Embarras (English, one "s") with broad river bottom land 
above and below for a settlement of Sainte Marie. A wise 
selection, but times changed in the course of 90 years. 
The clearing and drainage of land throughout the river 
drainage basin brought increased flooding and made much 
of the land worthless. 

In 1919 interested citizens got together on the prob- 
lem of flooding which resulted in the formation of two 
drainage and levee districts above and belcw Sainte Marie. 
The Captain Pond District was developed under Commis- 
sioners Anthony Reis, Ferd Hartrich and Frank Kraus 
and the Sainte Marie District under Alex Ritz, Leas 
Litzelman and James Kaufmann. The levees served their 
purpose for about 40 years, but additional upland drain- 
age brought more frequent and higher floods. 

The program of the Wabash Valley Association on 
flood control became popular. This was a plan by the 
Army Engineers to construct reservoirs upstream to im- 
pound flood waters. In 1959 the Jasper County chapter 
of the Wabash Valley Association was formed. The fol- 
lowing year brought increasing membership with Eugene 
Hartrich as president of the chapter and Merle D. Yost 
as director from the county in the Association. 

In the course of less than three years the member- 
ship of the chapter grew to over 150 and recognition was 
secured in Congress on flood control. The Army En- 
gineers, in co-operation with the State Department of 
Waterways, have completed a total water resource survey 
of the basin. 



Protestant Settlers 

So little has been written in this history about the 
rine Protestant people who lived here and helped to make 
our community grow, that I am most happy to add this 
material. 

In January of 1961 I received a letter from Mrs. 
LeRoy Harris of Wakeman, O. She had learned through 
the grapevine system of the history of Sainte Marie being 
written. Mrs. Harris was interested in genetics, had in 
fact traced her family back to 1635 when they first came 
to America. She was looking for something about her 
grandfather, Zenas Bradish, "good or bad". This much 
she knew: 

In 1861 a family by the name of Zenas Bradish came 
by covered wagon from Wakeman, O., to Illinois, crossed 
the Wabash River at Vincennes. Ind., then came on to 
S'ainte Marie. Mr. Bradish was a carpenter, a shingle 
and shake maker. He also was a preacher. The Bradish 
family bought land south of Sainte Marie and when the 
railroad went through it was west of the railroad track. 

Zenas Bradish *.lso preached at a little church called 
Bethel Church, which was one-half mile west of the Eber- 
hardt Hatchery corner. Mrs. Bradish's sister and her 
husband came with them. They were Dr. William Nicker- 
son, his wife and family. Dr. Nickerson practiced medi- 
cine in and around Sainte Marie. He also was one of our 
Civil War veterans. 

Rrthel Church is no more, but the little cemetery is 
still there. A few head stones still tell you of the burial 
place of Zenas Bradish, his wife and two sons, Dr. Nicker- 
son, his wife and two sons resting in peace there sur- 
rounded by green pasture-land. 

Mrs. Elmore Buss of Dundas, 111., is also a grand- 
daughter of Zenas Bradish. Edward Buss, father of 
Elmore Buss of Dundas, also was a carpenter. He helped 
to build the Catholic Church in Sainte Marie in 1891, and 
many other houses and churches in the county. We are 
happy to include this bit of history in the History of 
Sainte Marie. 



Hotel 

One of the oldest buildings in town was the Geltz 
Hotel. It was across the street from the old post office. 
It stood squarely in the street corner not wasting a bit 
of ground either north and south or east and west. 

Who built it is not known, but Mr. and Mrs. Frank 
Geltz remodeled it into a hotel. Everyone who came to 
town for- a few days or overnight stayed at the Geltz 
Hotel. Mr. Geltz also kept a livery stable here and the 
drummers (salesmen) would put up their horses there. 

On a trip to Mexico City one evening we stopped at a 
little mountain inn. After dinner, a band of little Mexi- 
can boys entertained us, singing and playing their guitars 
and we talked with a businessman and his wife from St. 
Louis. He was delighted to hear we were from Sainte 
Marie, 111. As a young man he used to make this town 
to take orders from the stores, and he always stopped at 
the Geltz Hotel. 

What a character "mine host" was! 

His good wife had sent him to the store to get some- 
thing. Arriving there he had forgotten what it was. 
"Here, Frank, have a cigar," the storekeeper said to him. 
"It will help you to remember." 



29 



St. Mary's Church 



Here 52 Years 



Bishop O'Connor 



■ 



■x 












■■ 









This is a beautiful winter scene showing St. Mary's 
Church of the Assumption in Sainte Marie. 



Pioneer Sainte Marie Couple 




Pioneer Joseph Picquel and his wife. Mrs. Caroline Picquet. 




Father Peter J. Virnich 
served St. Mary of the 
Assumption Parish as priest 
from Oct. 27, 1881, until the 
summer of 1934. 



Civil War Officer 




.r'»: ; '«'S 



This is a photo of Col. 
.J. .1. Killer of Sainte Marie. 
a veteran of the Civil War. 




The Most Rev. William A. 
O'Connor, D. D., Eishop of 
the Diocese of Springfield- 
in-Illinois. 



First Priest 




This is Father Stephen 
Theodore Badin, pioneer 
priest in this area, who also 
was the first priest ordained 
in the U. S. A. He was 
ordained by Anhbishop Car- 
roll, who was a cousin of 
("ha lies Carroll, a signer of 
the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. 



30 



"Oh, yes, I know what my old lady wanted, it was 
cabbage," he recalled. 

The businessman went on to say "Never have I eaten 
such cooking-. Those chicken and dumplings, and that 
apple pie that Mrs. Geltz used to make, I'll never forget". 

Just lately we learned Mrs. Geltz was presented with 
an aluminum teakettle, an unheard of utensil at that time, 
for being the best cook in Jasper County. 

Oil Wells 

In the year 1906 an oil company came into Sainte 
Marie Township and drilled three prospecting or wildcat 
i wells; one was on the S. F. Laugel farm south of town, 
i one on the David Spitzer farm north of town, and one on 
I the Peter Yager farm in the Eend, just above the Yager 
1 Bridge. None of these wells showed oil prospects, and all 
1 were plugged. 

Down through the years at different times oil com- 
I panies came in, drilled a few wells, then left; but in the 
I fall of 1941, there came into the township an oil pros- 
I pector, William Krcne. lie got together a plot of leases 
j in the Embarras River bottoms. These had originally 
I been under lease to the "Denver Producing and Refinnig 
I Co.", but they had given them up. 

Bill Krone being something of a gambler, or perhaps 
I he had some inside information, put down a wildcat well 
| on the Clarence Wade Farm. As a general rule where 
| there is so much on top of the ground there is little below, 
I but here was fine farm ground where a man could grow 
I 100 bushels of corn per acre, if he farmed it properly. One 
I farmer, in fact, had such a fine field of clover that he re- 
j fused to let the oil company in to drill a well, even after 
\ the oil field's presence had been proved. 

Luck was with Bill Krone, for in November, 1941, 

| the discovery well, Wade No. 1, came in with a bang, pro- 

j ducing 800 barrels of oil the first day. "Joy was in the 

I Duggan household" that night, as the Irish would say. 

Those closely connected with the well stayed up all night, 

talking, playing cards, telling stories. 

About midnight the crowd got hungry and Clarence 
routed Mrs. Wade out of bed (she didn't believe in such 
goings-on) asked her to get a couple of fat pullets from 
the hen house and make chicken and dumplings. Being 
the good soul she was, Mrs. Wade went to work. The 
feasting went on until morning. The discovery well, 
Wade No. 1 leveled off to 500 barrels per day and it is 
still a producing well. 

Of course, this set off a feverish activity in the Em- 
barras bottoms. Offsets were immediately demanded, and 
for some time oil was the main topic of conversation. 
There were 21 producing wells drilled in this field in a 
very short time. On Wade there were 2, on Kraus 5, Reis 
3, Burton 3, Derler 1, John Ochs 2, Zuber 1, Shryock 1, 
A. C. Bolander 1, Benefiel 1, Yost 1. 

After 21 years several of the wells are still producing. 

but the oil fever moved a few miles west into Pond Grove. 

Zenitas drilled one on Harding, one on J. Reis, one on 

J. Barthelme, two on Zuber, one on Noah Bahl, two on 

Weiscope and one on Ederer. 

Mansfield drilled two on Menke, one on Valbert, one 
on B. Ochs, one on Hahn, one on Copper and one on Boehl. 

Humorous Stories 

After reading the History of Sainte Marie of 1957, a 



young teacher, Sister Francis Xavier, Saint Theresa's 
Academy, Decatur, 111., formerly Eugenia Pictor, wrote 
me: "All the little humorous stories intrigued me. I 
teach history to a class of seventh graders and all amus- 
ing incidents help to make history more interesting." So 
we will add a few here. 

Our mother often talked to us of her youth, on days 
when the old "Ambraw" was on the rampage and wo 
couldn't get from the old brick house to town and school. 
One story we laughed over many times was: 

Our mother, her older brother, and two younger sis- 
ters were invited by the grapevine system to a dance in 
Pond Grove. They lived on the Prairie and it was five 
miles to the dance, so they walked to it, knowing full well 
they would ciance all night, walk home, then follow the 
reaper, shocking wheat all the next day. But they went 
anyway! Now in those days, when you gave a dance, 
you simply cleared the furniture out of one room, not a 
big job because there wasn't much, got yourself a fiddler, 
and you were in business. At midnight they paused for 
refreshments, which in this case was a jug of hard cider 
and Schnitz (dried apple) pie. 

Al, one of the hosts, cosied up to one of the girls and 
confided "Me and Jake sure need a woman around here; 
we tried and tried but our Schnitz pies are a total failure." 

Dancing in the home back in the 1875's or 80's was 
a favorite pasttime. One young girl making a new print 
dress which was wonderful, considering most of their 
(h esses were woolsey linsey, a heavy thick material, but 
not getting it finished in time, simply basted the sleeves 
in. At the dance the boys swung her with such vigor 
they pulled the sleeves out of her dress. 

Her granddaughter, telling the story, remarked 
"What would happen to me if I came home with my 
sleeves pulled out of my dress ? 

Another incident that tells a silent story of pioneer 
endurance was: 

Grandfather Valbert had a pair of huge oxen which 
he called Buck and Berry. They were faithful, plodding 
beasts, but when the heat and flies got too much for 
them, they would head for the deep slough or Captain 
Pond, whichever they happened to be near, plunge in, plow 
and all. There was no moving them until they were 
cooled off and ready to come out. Aggravating as this 
was, they never got a thrashing; somehow grandfather 
always understood. 

Processing Plant 

The younger generations of those old French pioneers 
are as energetic as their ancestors. In 1928 J. J. Hartrich 
purchased the S. F. Laugel farm. It had formerly been 
part of the Jacques Picquet estate. Here they grew fine 
cattle and hogs. 

With several boys growing up, this was not enough, 
they needed more to do. So on Nov. 17, 1952, they pur- 
chased the Robards grocery in Sainte Marie. This turned 
into a flourishing business, and to have fresh pork and 
beef for their customers, they did their own butchering. 
This gradually expanded to custom work, then to pro- 
cessing. 

Their hickory smoked hams and bacon are famous for 
miles around. Hartrich's grocery co-operated with the 
Swine Herd Improvement Association and on Nov. 3, 1957, 
they helped sponsor a lean pork demonstration. Mrs. 



31 



Priest for Both Parishes . . . Other People You Knov, 




Upper left photo shows, left to right, Basil Ikemire, trustee of St. Valentine Church in the Bend, Rev. Fr. 
George Windsor, pastor now serving St. Valentine Church as well as . C U. Mary of the Assumption Church in Saintc 
Marie, and Elmer Kocher, also a trustee of St. Valentine's. 

Upper right photo, Don Spitzcr, immediate past commander of American Legion Post n.T2 in Sainte Marie, 
and Mrs. Leonora Spannagel, immediate past president of the post's Auxiliary. 

Lower left photo, Frank Zuber, left, and II. T. Kirts, trustees of Saint Mary's Church. 

Lower right photo, members of the Mother's Helpers Ml club of 19G2. 



32 



Hazel Taylor of Effingham, 111., was the demonstrator. 
This attracted visitors to the Parish Hall from as far as 
50 miles away. 

Each summer, the Jasper County Swine Herd Im- 
provement Association has part of its field day at the 
Hartrich Processing Plant to demonstrate different types 
of hogs. 

The Association's lean type pork is world-renowned. 
Each year Hartrich's Processing Plant purchases some of 
the Jasper County 4-H clubs' prize-winning beef to pro- 
cess for that famous Saint Mary's Church Picnic dinner 
held each Labor Day; together this attracts visitors from 
hundreds of miles away. 

On March 28, 19G2, Hartrich Grocery purchased the 
Ed Rohr Grocery Store in Newton. Here, too, is an out- 
let for their processed beef and pork. May it continue to 
flourish! 



Fall Butchering 



The older generation did not only get together for 
threshing, wood sawing and silo filling, but the fall butch- 
ering was an annual affair. At this time several neigh- 
borhood families got together for this work. 

Daylight saw a huge fire under an iron kettle heating 
water in preparation for the day's work. 

By evening there were baskets of link sausages, fine 
hams and bacon cooling in the smoke house. 

The next day was a very busy day for the homemaker 
too. Liver sausage; blood sausage, the Germans called it, 
the French blood pudding, head cheese, scrapple and 
pickled pigs feet to make. The blood sausage was a little 
like limburger cheese, you had to learn to eat and like it. 

Here, too, the people made light work of it all by 'n 
extra good dinner with maybe a jug of cider or wine on 
the side. 

Sometimes the crowd would stay for supper and work 
late, finishing the day by playing cards and doing a lot 
of visiting. 

More old time happenings; July saw the ripening of 
wild blackberries. It was customary fcr folks to pick and 
can gallons of the berries. With a rich pie crust, plenty 
of sugar, a bit of fresh churned butter, and no where will 
you find a finer dessert than fresh berry pie. Apples too 
were dried for "Sennits" pies in the winter, peaches from 
the orchard were canned by the baskets. Plums, grapes, 
watermelons and gooseberries wore worked up into jams 
and jellies. Even the wild plums did not go to waste. 

Soap making too was in order. Some of the older 
grandmothers could make fine white soap from off-falls 
of the fatty part of the meat. Some scented it with win- 
tergreen, some with mint or lavender, but all of it could 
put as fine a white wash on the line as any modern 
product. 

Sainte Marie was also a great place for large fam- 
ilies. Being a farming community there was so little for 
the young people to do with the exception of the ones who 
inherited the land, that many young people had to go out 
into the world to make their way and of course were lost 
to the population of their home town. 

But they love to come back, especially over Labor 
Day week-end when the annual church picnic is held. 

We must mention two large families in passing. The 
Joseph and Magdaline Spitzer family came here in 1848 
and they had 12 children. The Ochs family, John and 



Mary Ann Weiler, had 12 children. Both families number 
more than 500 members. 

Sainte Marie has also been a quite peaceful place to 
live and grow old in. A number have lived more than 90 
years and a great many more than 85. Mrs. Rhode Fore, 
Civil War nurse, was 102, Joseph Picquet 96, Mrs. Jose- 
phine Bolander 98, Mrs. Matilda Dunham 96, Mrs. Mary 
Huber 97, Miss Mary Bolander 94, Theodore Hahn 97, Mrs. 
Monica Hartrich 94, Jacob Bolander 91, Michael Bolander 
93, Theodore Hahn 97, and Victoria Hahn 92. Mrs. Jose- 
phine Zuber is 90, and Mrs. Louise Reis, a former resident, 
is 92. 

Three Couples Married Over 60 Years 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry Menke — 60. 
Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Bolander — 62. 
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Foley — 65. 

Ole Swimming Hole 

One of the joys of youths in summer time in Sainte 
Marie was going swimming in the river. After long hot 
days in June, July and August the gang of boys in town 
would hike over to the river. 

In later years they would get together in someone's 
old truck and hie themselves away to the old swimming 
hole north and east of town. This favorite spot was called 
"leven foot", meaning it was 11 feet deep. 

More than one youngster proved to the gang he 
wasn't "chicken" or too young to run with the pack by 
diving off the spring board into "leven foot". 

With the new inventions of bath tubs and swimming 
pools, no more do gangs of youngsters have the joyous 
fun of swimming in the river in the raw. 

Orr Girls 

Many people have wondered these many years what 
ever happened to the two Orr girls, Barbara and Francis, 
who came with the first pioneering group to Sainte Marie. 
They were seamstresses and were supposed to do all the 
sewing for the little colony, even tailoring the men's 
clothing. 

Once they had arrived, no more mention was made 
of them in the history at any time. 

Several years ago, which would make the time 120 
years later, I attended a meeting of the Jasper County 
Garden Club. The roll call was an "Antique Possession." 

Mis. Mildred Jansen of Newton stunned us all when 
she held up a pair of gold hoop earrings, worn so fine, 
she wore them on a chain like a necklace. Mrs. 
Jansen was saying they had been given to her by her 
grandmother, Mrs. Henry Raef, and she had received 
them from one of the Orr girls, who had come to the 
United States of America with the Picquet Colonists. 

A hundred and twenty years later, another young 
woman proudly worn the gold hoop earrings. 



Threshing Time 



Sainte Marie township being primarily a farming 
community, threshing time was an extra busy time. 

Much wheat and oats were grown here. Before farm- 
ing was mechanized, horses were used to pull the reaper 
that cut and bound the grain. It was then put into shocks 
of 12 to 15 bundles. Horse drawn wagons were used to 
gather up the shocked bundles and hauled to the home- 
stead where they were stacked into ricks. There was an 



33 



Four Scenes to Treasure 




Top left, view of a peaceful Embarras River eastward from the bridge in Sainte Marie; top right, steel 
highway bridge across the Embarras in Sainte Marie; lower left, Sainte Marie Volunteer Fire Department and 
truck, with Paul Hartrich and Lawrence Huber on the runing board, and Ed Stone, Bernard Huff, Lawrence Hart- 
rich, Leonard Sheridan, Harold Hartrich, Paul Faltemier, Ronald Kirts, Dick Hunzinger, fire chief, Merece Gowin 
and Larry Kirts standing in the back; lower right, photo of painting of Joseph Petar Huber homestead — note that 
what appeals to be a flowering bush in left center is a peacock with spread feathers. 



34 



art to this. Few men could make a good looking rick 
that would stand staunchly, not taking in rain, until the 
threshing machine was in the neighborhood. 

Wheat straw, as well as oat straw, is hard and smooth 
when ripe and a man had to know just how to stack the 
bundles to keep the rick from sliding in all directions. 
Here it was left to sweat or cure for several weeks. 

The farmers were usually formed into threshing 
rings, perhaps 12 to 15 men, then with a few visiting rela- 
tives they had their crew. 

If a farmer had a good threshing of, say 800 or 900 
bushels of wheat, and as much of oats, he was supposed 
to treat the crew to a keg of cold beer. 

This was, of course, when the work was all done. 
Much fun we.:t on with all this. There was a lot of good 
nalured teasing and joshing. 

The women folk were counted in on all this fun. Each 
tried to outdo the other in putting the best fried chicken 
or apple pie on the table. 

The men, smarties that they were, bragged on each 
honiemaker's food. That was always good for a second 
or third helping of chicken and dumplings and his iced 
tea glass being filled oftener. It was a lot of hard work. 
The men not only took dinner with you, but many stayed 
for supper. 

■ But all of this is now a thing of the past. Combines 
cut and thresh the gran in one operation, pouring the 
grain into waiting trucks, and in a matter of minutes, the 
crop is on its way to the elevators and in a matter cf 
hours into railroad cars and on its way to the city, where 
it is made into flour. 

No more are there bulging granaries, where a man 
and his family can run their hands through the golden 
grain which they all had a part in growing. 

At the end of a harvest season there is only a check, 
some times a small one at that, after the cost of lime- 
stone, phosphate and fertilizer has been taken out, to show 
for a whole year's work. It would seem much of the old 
time joy of farming is missing in this modern day and 
age. 



Corn 

Corn, too, is an important crop in Sainte Marie Town- 
ship. The greater part of the land around Sainte Marie 
is some of those 12, COO acres the founding fathers bought 
for $1.25 per acre. 

Some of this land, especially in the Embarras River 
bottoms, has increased 200 to 250 times its original price. 
Of course, the timber has had to be cleared and removed. 
Levee tax as well as state and local taxes paid for more 
than 100 years, it needed to raise that much in price. 

To farm "new ground", as land was called that still 
had many of the stumps in it, took the patience of Job. 
New ground was no place for any kind of farming ma- 
chinery, except an old style walking plow, and a patient 
old team. But it paid off once the obstructions were re- 
moved, for the land is rich river bottom soil. A farmer 
farming this land right can grow anything that grows 
out of doors. 

Soybeans 

Around the turn of the Century, soybeans were little 
known in this part of the state. Then scientists discov- 
ered new uses for soybeans and almost immediately they 



became a quick cash crop. 

Soybeans are planted around corn planting time, per- 
haps a little later, and by the middle of September beans 
are ready to be harvested. Long lines of trucks, trailers 
and wagons patiently wait their turn to unload at Hart- 
rich's elevators. When railroad cars are unavailable on 
the I. C. R. R. at Boos, some wait all night to get un- 
loaded. 

Harvesting soybeans is almost a whole family project. 
Even the women are called on to drive loaded trucks to 
the elevators while the farmer himself continues to oper- 
ate the combine. 

If left too long in the field, the bean pods tend to dry 
out, causing the beans to pop out and become lost to the 
harvest. Soybeans are a good rotation crop when grown 
on rich river bottom land. They grow a huge bean stalk, 
while on poorer soil they set on more beans, making them 
an ideal crop for prairie soil. 

Soybeans in Sainte Marie township have helped to 
build finer homesteads and make life a lot easier and 
more pleasurable for folks living here. 

Pack Peddlers 

Another old time feature that our younger genera- 
iron know nothing about was the pack peddler. The 
stores that kept fine things were few and far between, 
and these old Pack Peddlers would carry in their packs, 
silks, linen and laces, and likes of which country-folks had 
never seen. 

The silk was cut in what they called one dress pattern 
and never will I ever forget one green and orchid change- 
able silk one old peddler had. His name was Macklntyre 
and he usually made his rounds in the spring. Our folks 
were always glad to see him. He was company from the 
outside, (meaning cities which we had never seen, only 
read about). 

Hucksters 

The dictionary says a huckster is a vender of small 
articles but the huckster we knew had a lot of things 
besides small articles. He had a huckster wagon, usually 
drawn by two good horses. The bed of the wagon was 
boxed in and made into compartments. Here were kept 
everything from peppermint stick candy to huge sacks of 
sugar, beans, coffee, salt and rice. The lower- 18 inches 
of the wagon-box were slatted to hold the poultry which 
the farm wives traded for supplies. On top of all were 
several egg cases, where the eggs were kept after they 
were counted. 

It was said that one huckster, who shall be nameless 
because he has been gathered to his fathers, having im- 
bibed too much, simply poured the eggs from the basket 
into the case. "So much easier," he said. 

The end gate of the wagon let down and made a sort 
of shelf and here the huckster did a thriving business in 
the bolts of calico, muslin and gingham, buttons and 
thread which he could pull out to show and sell. 

Hucksters had regular runs on regular days, and 
always had a certain place to stop, feed and rest their 
horses, and get dinner, the meal now called lunch. The 
home-maker always had an extra good dinner that day, 
for she always took out 50c worth in trade for it. I re- 
member as a very small child, there was one who came 
to the old brick house from Willow Hill. Friday was the 



35 



Girl Bait 1916 Style 



J 
I 

\ 










> 








All dressed up in their Sunday best back in 1916 were Eugene Litzelman, left, and George Adams, when both of 
these well known citizens were single and "available." This classic photo, incidentally, is the property of Charlene 
Bolander. 

Six Views From 1914 Penny Postcard 




River. 



Top row: Left, the old railroad depot and tracks; center, Saint Mary's Church; right, a view of the Embarras 

Bottom row: Reft, the bank and post office; center, interior view of St. Mary's Church; right, the old creamery. 
'I'll, postcard bearing these classic views was mailed in L93 l for lc. It is the property of Charlene Bolander. 



36 



day he came and mother always had home-made egg 
noodles with a sour-cream sauce, home-made bread, fresh 
churned butter, supplemented with fresh garden vegeta- 
bles, all topped off with either baked apple dumplings or 
rough and ready peach pie. How that old bachelor huck- 
ster did enjoy his noon-time meal; no wonder they called 
it "dinner". 

Hop Vines and Yeast 

That home-made bread was made from hop-yeast. 
Grandfather always kept a few hop poles where the vines 
climbed in the orchard, alongside a few stands of bees. 
When the hops were dried, they were picked. Little round 
fluffy seed balls, they were stored in a sack, hung up 
in the kitchen until needed . To make the yeast, two 
cups full were put into a bowl, scalding hot water was 
poured over it, then the greenish juice was left to cool. 
It was then mixed with corn meal, rolled out, cut into 
squares, and put into a warm place to dry. When dry, 
it was stored in a box. Mother always made a whole 
winter's supply each fall. It was as much a ritual as 
making soap and preparing the winter's supply of meat; 
almost every neighbor' who came to call carried off a 
couple square cakes of yeast wrapped in brown paper, 
in her pocket. 

This yeast made the most fragrant bread. We chil- 
dren coming home from school in cold weather would 
slice up a whole loaf still warm from the oven, lather 
it with fresh churned butter, top it off with currant jelly. 
Food for the gods, no less! 

Young people reading this must wonder "How old is 
the author of this history anyway to remember these old- 
time happenings". Well, first I have a good memory, 
second I'm old enough to be the mother of the "mayor of 
the town". 

So you know I'm not from yesterday. 



Fishing and Hunting 



The fishing is still good around Sainte Marie, but the 
hunting has fallen off to a marked degree. Once, almost 
every man owned a gun and could go out in the hunting 
season and get a bag of game; prairie chickens, quail, 
/abbits or squirrels. In our grandparents' days, deer and 
wild turkey were plentiful. Wild fowl are still with us 
occasionally as in this story sent The Newton Press in 
October, 1946: 

"We have been having some visitors from the fly- 
ways these last few days. The Hamilton Marsh northeast 
of Sainte Marie of perhaps 200 acres, has been flooded by 
the recent rise of the Embarras River, and thousands of 
wild geese and ducks have stopped over on their way to 
the southland, are having a picnic there these last 10 days 
or so. 

"Sitting on the hill and looking out over the Marsh, 
with its weeds, willows and rushes, and except for the 
murmur of the feeding wild fowl, you can scarcely believe 
there are thousands of wild geese and ducks out there, 
and the water is alive with fishes. The whole south end 
is taken over by the ducks, pintail, mallards, shovellers 
and blue wing-tail. The center belongs undisputedly to 
the snow geese, while the whole north end has been taken 
over by the black Canadian honkers. 

All is quiet. Suddenly, some hoarse voiced old gander 
sends out a ringing call, and the geese begin to rise. Fifty, 



a hundred, five hundred, a thousand, and through the 
deafening clamor you can hear the high shrill cry of the 
Brants, the quack, quack, quack of the disturbed ducks, 
the deeper honk of the Black Canadians and as the sun 
glints on the shimmering white feathers of the snow 
geese, they sail majestically out of sight, into some farm- 
er's corn, wheat or bean field. 

Perhaps in an hour they are back, sailing and circling 
aloft, each time a little lower, until they are reasonably 
sure it's safe to come down. Then down they come, some 
with orange feet leading, and with a splash and a few 
crackles settle on the water, others sliding down, first 
one wing leading, then the other, as though they are 
'slap-happy' to have so much food to eat and water to 
swim and splash in. 

On Nov. 4 the gam e law opens. With the first firing 
of the hunter's guns, they will be off, seeking a new 
refuge, perhaps Reelfoot, or Horseshoe Lake in the south- 
ern part of our state. 

"We hope they live through many hunting seasons 
and come to visit us again. It's been thrilling having 
them with us!" 



Brick Houses Landmarks 

Besides many old frame houses there were in Sainte 
Marie Township three brick houses that were outstanding, 
each in its own way. 

The first to be built was the Jacques Picquet home 
in Sainte Marie Village, erected in 1844 and colonial in 
design. Built by French people, it followed the design of 
the homesteads in the French quarter of New Orleans. 
It has now been taken down by the owners, Albert and 
Harold Hartrich, to the first floor and is being used as a 
garage and workshop. 

The second brick house was that of Joseph Petar 
Huber. This house was not as old as the Picquet mansion, 
but never-the-less six generations of the family slept be- 
neath its roof. This homestead was built on the sand 
hills east of Sainte Marie, known as the Ridge. At one 
time, the road from the Bend led straight west from the 
Rennier Bridge, across the Huber farm. There was talk 
of building a bridge to cross the Embarras River here, 
but it was changed and the bridge was built farther south 
and is now known as the Yager bridge. 

This house too is being dismantled by the owner, 
Frank Keller, a great grandson of the man who built it, 
and it will soon be but a memory. 

Never will the younger generations appreciate what 
work these old pioneers did to make our country the fine 
place to live in that it is! At each of these homesteads 
the clay was hauled in, mixed in a hand-power mixer, 
moulded into bricks, then burned in a home-made brick 
kiln. The wood-work, doors, window frames and floors 
were trees of walnut, white and red oak, cut down on 
forest land they owned, hauled to a sawmill, seasoned, 
then planed down to a beautiful finish. How long it took 
the others to get their bricks burned and other material 
ready is not known, but the Huber house took three and 
a half years to make and burn the bricks alone. 

Hearth Fir© Dies in Old Huber Home 
After Burning Almost 90 Years 

The story of the second brick house began as long 
ago and far away as 1823 when in Bavaria, Germany, on 



37 



Scenes From 1891 and 1943 



Three of Today's 4-H Clubs 




Top photo shows the Sainte Marie school, church and 
rectory in 1891. 

Lower photo shows the Mothers Helpers 4-H Club of 
1943. Seated in front are Mary Maginn and Pauline 
Howard. 

Second ruw kneeling, left to right, are Louise Ochs, 
Florence Cunningham, Loretta Kapper, Evelyn Radke-. 
Mary Moran, Rosemary Hartrich and Alice Cunningham. 

Third row, left to right, are Eugenia Kirts, Mrs. Eve- 
lyn Barthelme, assistant leader, Mary Ann Zuber, Patricia 
Zuber, Evelyn Maginn, Mrs. Ferdinand Hartrich, leader, 
Joan Kirts, Cecelia Zuber, Mary Ellen Spannagel and 
Marcella Menke. 

These girls carried projects in cooking, sewing and 
flower arrangements and won prizes in all at the Jasper 
County Fair. 

With the exception of Mary Ann Zuber, deceased, all 
the other girls shown are now married and some of them 
have daughters of their own in 4-H club work. 




Top photo, Sainte Marie Chore Boys 4-H Club with 
Ted Kocher, Lawrence Helregel and Victor Ochs as 
leaders. 

Middle photo, Cloverleaf 4-H Girls in the Bend, 1962. 

Bottom photo, Sainte Marie Helpful Little Hands 4-H 
Club for 1962, Melba Rose Sheridan and Eufala Bigard 
leaders. 



38 



the 25th of January, Joseph Petar Huber was born. As 
he grew to manhood and was drawn into the military 
training which that country has always maintained to 
settle its disputes and fight wars, Joseph Petar Huber 
vowed, "Once I can get out of the country, I will shake 
the dust of the fatherland from my feet, go to that fine 
new country called America, across the sea and never 
return". 

He came to America in 1853, stayed for awhile with 
friends in Philadelphia, Pa., then moved on to Cincinnati, 
O. There he was married and lived for 10 years. Still 
feeling the urge to come farther west, he and his wife, 
Cresence, and their four small sons, Herman, 2, John, 4, 
Joseph, 6, and George, 8, loaded their few possessions into 
a covered wagon and started west, dossing Illinois on 
a snowy Dec. 7 they came to a little village called Sainte 
Mary's. 

Joseph Petar Huber was a Roman Catholic and had 
great devotion to the Virgin Mary. To him it was pro- 
phetic to come into a village named Sainte Mary's on the 
eve of the Immaculate Conception Feast Dec. 7, so here 
they would try to locate. The few settlers welcomed 
them. They were always glad to have new people come 
in. especially men with families. A man named Fore 
offered them free use of a cabin in a wooded area above 
the river on the sand hills east of Sainte Marys' called the 
"Ridge". They could have it free for the winter if they 
would stay, so they accepted Mr. Fore's generosity, moved 
into the cabin, lighted a hearth fire that was to burn 
brightly for almost 90 years. 

The next morning another settler named Shedlebower 
came over the hill carrying a sack of provisions on his 
shoulder. True, the sack contained only turnips, potatoes 
and parsnips, which he had dug from his outdoor pits, but 
to the little Huber family they were fresh vegetables. 
Such generosity Joseph Petar Huber never forgot. In all 
the years he lived, no one ever asked him for help in vain. 
The motto by which he lived and taught his sons was 
"Give generously, it will return". 

By spring, Mr. Huber had taken stock of his sur- 
roundings. Here he found great white and red oak tim- 
ber to build a house, barns and granaries, rich river bot- 
tom-land to grow corn, rolling hills to grow wheat, wood 
pastures to fatten cattle and hogs, and never failing 
springs flowing from out the sand hills. True, trees had 
to be cut and stumps cleared away before the land could 
be turned with a plough, but Joseph Petar Huber had 
great strength and faith, a fine family to work for and 
a lifetime in which to do the work. 

When that little boy of two was four, the cabin was 
bursting at the seams with so much little-boy energy in- 
side, so the family decided to build a log house. It was 
to be a real house, 15 feet wide and 25 feet long, two rooms 
below and one above, a huge fireplace at one end, and 
broad walnut stairway leading to the upper room. 

Now, they were all set for happiness, but their hap- 
piness was shortlived for the first winter in the new log 
house the mother in the home died, leaving the father 
with four small sons to care for, a living to make and in 
a country where he hadn't as yet mastered the language. 
It was a sad time for him, but his great faith and kind 
neighbors saw him through. When that little boy of 2 
was 14, they decided to build a brick house. Some of the 
neighbors laughed when they heard Mr. Huber and his 
boys planned to make and burn the bricks themselves, but 



they did make them, digging the clay from che river bank, 
mixing it in a hand-powered mixer. 

They moulded the bricks painstakingly and burned 
them in a kiln which may still be found on the hill today. 
Many crooked and twisted bricks yet to be found there 
give mute evidence of how many bricks were spoiled be- 
fore they finally had enough to do the job. It took three 
and one-half years before they had enough bricks to build 
their house. Their house was of two "L" shaped sections, 
55 feet long and 40 feet wide, two and a half stories high, 
with a huge chimney at each end. The walls were 18 
inches thick and some of the rooms 18 or 20 feet square 
with 10 V 2 foot ceilings. 

Two huge halls ran through the house, and the curved 
stair-rail that led from the lower to the upper rooms still 
bears the axe marks showing how crude were the tools 
they had to work with. The beautiful stair-way is now 
worn to a satin smoothness by the many hands which have 
grasped it. Window sills, like the door steps and the arch 
above each door and window, were made of sandstone dug 
from the river bed and shaped to fit. They are in as good 
condition today as when they were put into place. 

The huge wine cellar, too, was a work of art with its 
arched ceiling of brick and no visrble supports whatever. 
There were no fireplaces in the new home. Franklin 
stoves were just coming into the country. These stoves, 
made of cast iron and burning huge sticks of hickory 
wood, were installed. 

About this time a railroad was being built through 
Sainte Marie. Joseph Petar Huber, like so many of his 
neighbors, was ever willing to further the good of the 
community, put aside his own work, and helped for days 
to set ties and lay the heavy rails, all without pay. A new 
brick Church was planned and built in Sainte Mary's. He 
had little to give, but he could work, and this he did, until 
the Church was finished. 

Years passed, George and John left home to seek their 
fortunes elsewhere. That little boy Of two was now a 
grown man. In 1883, he married Mary Josephine Valbert. 
Now the third generation was growing up, and the old 
house rang with childish laughter. There were 11 people 
around the dining table, and the farm grew larger each 
year. In 1910, Joseph Petar Huber became ill and as his 
"boys" stood anxiously around his bed, on a cold De*c. 7 
evening, he told them it was time to "Go forth". His 
dreams had all come true, he could die happy in the 
knowledge that what started out with a loaned cabin was 
now a well-stocked farm of several hundred acres which 
his sons could take over. 

Years passed, that little boy of two was now a grand- 
father. He, too, grew old and tired. In 1916 he passed 
away and handed the old homestead to the third genera- 
tion, and the fourth was growing up. It was like old 
times. Again there were 11 people around the dining 
table. Another gang of youngsters looked for wild flow- 
ers and mushrooms in the wood pastures, picked berries, 
gathered nuts in the fall and rowed the boats on the river. 
More years passed. Now the fourth generation took 
over and the fifth was growing up. The sixth visited at 
the old homestead one summer. As the fifth generation 
grew toward high school it became increasingly difficult 
to get them to school. 

A modern home on a gravel road with a school bus 
stopping in front of the door was to be had, so the fourth 
and fifth generations moved away, leaving the old home- 



89 



House Prominent in Sainte Marie History 








This is the old home of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Picquet, Sainte Marie pioneers. This photo 
was difficult to print to the printer's desired standards because the engraving had to be made 
from a previously published picture and not from the original. 



40 



stead alone and desolate. Now the wind whistles through 
the empty barns and granaries, sighs mournfully through 
age-loosened door and window casements, across empty 
rooms where so many happy people have lived. The old 
brick house looks with bare un-curtained windows out 
across the river, the hearth fire started in a cabin almost 
90 years ago has died out. As the snow drifts down on 
it this next cold Dec. 7 evening, laying a mantle of white 
on the buildings, the old Huber homestead will seem to 
know. 

Its days of usefulness are done. 

Mound Builders and Indians 

The first people who inhabited this part of Illinois 
were the mound builders. Just what their tribal name 
was is not known. In the extreme southwest part of 
Sainte Marie Township is a huge mound. Longer than 
wide, many say it is a formation of nature rather than a 
mound built by people. 

In the Book "Plains, Indiana" published by National 
Geographic Magazine, I found a paragraph where it de- 
scribes Indian Mounds as some being longer than wide or 
around. 

Many years ago, some of the early settlers built a 
tower on the mound and placed a telescope in it. Here 
you could climb up possibly 50 feet, then looking about 
one could see for miles in all directions. 

Many broken bits of pottery, arrow heads and other 
Indian relics have been found on and about the Mound by 
farmers clearing the land and otherwise farming it. 

There were many Indians in this part of Illinois, the 
Illini, Miami, Kickapoo, Potawatomi, Sauk and Fox after 
the white man came. They were friendly Indians too that 
came each fall to hunt for the abundance of game in the 
Embarras bottoms and to trap for furs. 

At a set time, fur traders from Vincennes would come 
to buy the peltry from the Indians. The Trading Post was 
on Dedication Hill and the early settlers were always in- 
terested spectators. Being farmers and interested in 
building homesteads they did not trap fur-bearing ani- 
mals, no matter what the price paid for them. They 
hunted for food, and unless it was a predatory animal, 
for all they cared, the wild things could run free. 

Some of the Indian relics found around Sainte Marie 
Township have been put together on a bulletin board by 
E. C. Alblinger and can be seen at the Sanite Marie State 
Bank. 

Axe heads, drills, skinning knives, pounding stones or 
grinding stones used to grind their grain, round balls no 
doubt used in playing games, arrow heads large and small 
have been found. Some are large ones used with bow and 
arrow to shoot wild turkey, geese and ducks, others are 
smaller for game like rabbit, quail and prairie chicken, 
all beautifully made and very sharp. 

Indian Burial Grounds 

Here, too, in Sainte Marie Township, Indian burial 
grounds came to light many years after the Indians were 
disbanded and gone. Some went farther west, others took 
up residence in reservations like Fork Wayne in Indiana. 
One such burial ground was found on Grandfather Huber's 
farm. We children were born and grew up on this farm 
i in a huge old red brick house. It was east of Sainte Marie 
across the Embarras River on a series of sand hills that 



began a few miles below Willow Hill and ended a few 
miles below Sainte Marie on the bend of the river. 

Here on these sand hills beneath the huge forest 
trees, their tepees had some protection. With an abun- 
dance of game, and the river full of fishes, it was an 
Indian paradise indeed. Here Grandfather, father and my 
brother Lawrence were putting in a line fence, so that 
the older cattle could drink at the river and the younger 
stock water at the barns, and all could run in the woods 
pasture. In digging a post-hole with a post digger, they 
brought up a hard object. After scraping away the sand 
and dirt, they found it to be a human jaw-bone. The bone 
was large and coarse, the teeth worn down as though the 
owner had done some hard, tough chewing. Grandfather 
feared a murder had been committed on his farm, but our 
brother, being young and more venturesome, said, "Let's 
see what more is down there Grandpa". 

The second digger-full brought to light part of a skull 
with reddish hair still clinging to it. This did not solve 
the mystery so they dug again, and this time several 
Indian beads were in the sand. Then they knew they had 
accidentally dug into an Indian burial ground. Looking 
about them they .could see they were on a sandy, high 
knoll and a series of mounds circled about the top of each 
of the mounds, no doubt a burial place. Of course the 
story got out and on Sunday following the authorities 
came from Sainte Marie. 

"Didn't Mr. Huber know it was against the law to 
dig into burial grounds without a permit?" Grandfather 
explained it had been an accident. "Just where are these 
Indian relics?" That gave one the idea it was curiosity 
that brought them, rather than the wish to uphold the 
law. 

Again Grandfather explained how, after the family 
had looked at the object and the children wondered and 
talked about the people who roved these hills before them, 
he had returned the objects to where he had found them, 
covered them over, and left the Indian dead rest in peace. 

Old Justice of Peace Books 1867 

In an old Justice of the Peace book, found at the town 
hall, there were many interesting cases with names no 
longer in Sainte Marie. Under the date of July 25, 1875, 
was this entry: 

Now comes Addison Fulton — files complaint for one 
sheep damaged by dogs unknown. Randsom Graham and 
Haddock Graham, after hearing evidence, it was allowed 
Addison Fulton was entitled to $3.00 for loss of said sheep. 
— Michael Kratzmeyer J. P. 

June 11, 1881: 

Now comes Minnie Love and complains that the Dan- 
ville, Olney and Ohio River Railroad Company failed to 
pay her a certain demand, being a board bill, of a man 
employed by said company, and expressly agreed to pay 
said board bill. The bill was $150.00, paid. — Francis Alt- 
hause J. P. 

May 3, 1893: 

Now comes Mary Lowisa Gass, makes and files her 
complaint under oath, charging William Donham with 
making threat to do her bodily harm with a deadly 
weapon. The defendant, failing to pay his fine, was 
committed to the Village Calaboose, to work out his fine 
on the village street under the supervision of the street 
commissioner.— Eugene Hartrich J. P. 



41 



The Sainte Marie of 1962 




Across the top, AJblinger & Kirts Hardware and Alblinger & Kirts Garage. On the left, second from top, 
Sainte Marie State Bank; on the right of the bank, Town Hall. Third row, left, Hartrich Bros. Elevator, and right, 
Hartrich Bros Mill, bottom row, left, Bob Swisher's Marathon Service Station, and right, Ed Barthelme's Sons 
Store. 

42 



Oct. 1, 1891: 

Now comes Minnie Leggett — Makes and files a com- 
plaint under oath that her neighbor Noah Deffendefer 
stole one hive of bees, worth $1.00. — Wm. Pictor J. P. 

Chattel Mortgages contained in the old books intrigue 
one too. 

Dec. 30, 1893: 

Chattel Mortgage made by Mrs. Lily Russel in favor 
of Edward Latson, to secure the payment of one prom- 
isary note of even date, for $125.00 with 7 per cent inter- 
est from date until paid. One gray mare, 12 years old, 
called Kate, one bay horse, 10 years old, called Prince, one 
yearling colt, called Frank, one muley cow, one Stude- 
baker wagon, one Deering mowing machine. The Mort- 
gagor to retain possession of said property mortgaged 
until payment be made. Acknowledged before me by 
Mrs. Russel and entered this 30th day of Dec, 1893. — 
Eugene Hartrich J. P. 

May 3, 1891: 

Now comes William Wenz, makes and files affidavit 
for writ in attachment against Noah Fairfield, the follow- 
ing goods and chattel worth $19.65: One team of mules, 
soon to be 8 years old. This trial to be held 8th day of 
May, 1891, at 9:00 o'clock A. M. Neither party appear- 
ing, it is considered by this court as case dismissed. — 
Francis Althaus, J. P. 

In so many of the chattel mortgages, the people lost 
their belongings. In reading over these records, I often 
wondered how they could make a living after their horses, 
mules, cows and machinery were taken away from them. 
In looking through these old Justice of the Peace books, 
I marvelled at the fine hand-writing, page after page, as 
many as 75 to 100 pages without one blot, mistake, or 
misspelled word. Some of it was written so long ago no 
doubt they used quill pens. The finest was written by 
Francis Althaus, William Pictor and E. J. Gangloff. 



From Sainte Marie Tribune Jan. 13, 1905 

Pond Grove News 

Who thought Pond Grove was dead? 

Plenty of snow and ice. Tuesday morning the ther- 
mometer said it was the coldest weather we've had this 
winter. 

Sammy Sterchi has built a new addition to his mill- 
shed. Sammy has a big new engine, 21 horse power, and 
a good set of hands. He will now make the business pay. 

Bits and Pieces 

D. L. Stewart advertises he pays the highest prices 
for poultry, eggs, butter, hides, beeswax and tallow. 

Walter and Henry Picquet have the thanks of the 
community for cleaning off the streets with their new 
snow plough during this last snow storm. 

In the Jan. 13 issue of Sainte Marie Tribune we find 
this choice item: 

"If the gentleman who stole my small-pox vest out 
of my coal-shed will please return same, I will vaccinate 
him free of charge in order to protect the community." — 
Dr. W. A. Wenz. 

"Mrs. W. A. Wenz purchased the three white Wyan- 
dotte chickens which drew the first prize, at the Rich- 
land County Fair." 



Xavier Picquet Mansion 

(Written at the Time the Old Mansion Was Taken Down) 

There is always a sadness in seeing an old landmark 
being torn down, especially when it is an old home. 

Such is the case of the Xavier Picquet home in Sainte 
Marie, where the present owners, Jerome Hartrich and 
sons Albert and Harold, are tearing down the old Picquet 
home. 

Built in 1839 by Jacques Picquet, father of Joseph 
Xavier and James Jr., the old mansion is of French 
Colonial design. Many homes similar to it may still be 
seen in the old French quarters of New Orleans, La. 

Beams Still Solid 

The three story house measured 50x60 ft. with ceil- 
ings 12 ft. high. Huge beams 12 in. square run the full 
length of the house and are pinned at the crosses with 
wooden pegs, all of white oak, for which Sainte Marie 
Township is justly famous, and all hewed by hand. 

Despite their age of 111 years the beams and pegs 
are as solid today as the day they were put into place. 

Oak lathes, too, were hewed by hand, and the plaster 
in between is a mixture of clay and straw. 

Bricks used in building the home were fashioned by 
hand and burned in a kiln not far from the homestead. 

Great fireplaces in every room gave one an idea of 
the manner in which the house was heated. 

After seeing the blackened fireplace in th e kitchen 
one can envision the many tasty roasts that found their 
way to the table. 

Three stairways: The one in the front, a beautiful 
curved stairway, one in the rear, and one outside which 
ied to the upper floors. A hall way 10 ft. wide ran the 
full length of the house, ran through the center of the 
dwelling opening onto a balcony with huge pillars of 
sandstone topped with walnut columns 24 inches thick. 
Although weather beaten, they are as solid as the day 
they were put in place. 

In the library on the second floor, doors and shelves 
are of solid native walnut, and the walls and cupboards 
24 inches deep all made of walnut and reaching from floor 
to ceiling. The walnut paneled doors leading from the 
hall way into the living room and library are 6x9 feet in 
size. 

They were made in France for the convent of Saint 
Mary's of the Woods in Indiana, but came by mistake to 
Sainte Marie. The task of getting them to their destina- 
tion by ox teams was so great, the Picquets' purchased 
them and installed them in the mansion. 

For several years the entire Picquet family lived in 
this house. In 1850 Joseph Picquet left for France to 
marry Rosine Muller. When he returned with his bride 
he built a beautiful home of his own just two blocks north 
of the old family home. Many years later this home was 
given to the Sisters of Charity, Springfield, 111. When they 
gave it up, it went to the S. C. J. Priests of the Sacred 
Heart Missionaries. 

Returning from the Civil War with the rank of lieu- 
tenant, Xavier Picquet married Elizabeth Hartrich. In 
1867 he fell heir to the old homestead. It was he who 
raised his family. In 1933 Jerome Hartrich purchased the 
mansion and restored much of its old glamor. The prob- 
lem of making a modern home of it was too great, how- 
ever, and after a few years, the days of the old mansion 
were numbered: Jerome Hartrich built a new home near 
the mansion. After surviving 111 years of gracious living 



43 



A Building and People You Know 




Left row of photos: Top, U. S. Post Office in Sainte Marie, dedicated in 1961; center, servers with Rev. Fr. 
George Windsor, pastor of St. Mary's Church of the Assumption; bottom photo, left to right, Mrs. Monica Geiger, 
Joe N. Yost and Mrs. Shirley (Stone) Kraus, members of the committee of St. Valentine Church in the Bend 
named to help with arrangements for the Quasquicentennial celebration. 

Right row of photos: Top, Children's Choir of St. Mary's Church with Sister M. Ruthanne, O. B.; center 
photo, Sainte Marie School staff, front row. left to right. Sister Marie, Sister M. Valeria and Sister M. Ruthanne, 
back row, left to right. Mrs. Melba Rose Sheridan, secertary. Mrs. Maxine Hartrich, nurse, Vincent Keller, Mrs. 
W. E. (Helen Baker and Henry Kirts; bottom photo, School Hand, of which Mrs. Genevieve Wilson of Newton is 
the director. 



11 



the old French colonial mansion was reduced to dust and 
rubble. Harold Hartrich and his family now live in the 
new house built to replace the old Picquet Mansion. 

Sainte Marie Bank Serves Wide Area 

The late Severine F. Laugel started a financial move- 
ment in Sainte Marie more than 57 years ago that led to 
what is now the Sainte Marie State Bank, an institution 
which serves an area far wider than its immediate locale. 

On April 26, 1905, Louis Huss, D. P. Ochs, Frank L. 
Merceret, Severine Laugel, Arthur Pictor, Joseph Picquet, 
A. J. Litzelman, Anselm Spitzer, J. M. Miller, William 
Reis, F. E. Kraus, Charles Litzelman, C. P. Harmon, P. C. 
Berns, Joseph Kaufmann, F. W. Kuechler, W. A. Wenz, 
William F. Mason, S. P. Berns, Jacob Rennier and Charles 
Barthelme formed a partnership to conduct a general 
banking business under the name oi the Bank of Sainte 
Marie. 

The business commenced on June 12, 1905, in the two- 
room, metal clad building north of Hartrich's Grocery 
with Frank L. Merceret as cashier. 

Total resources on June 30, 1905, were $17,024.29. 

The quarters now occupied by the bank were built in 
1911. 

On Dec. 14, 1920, the Bank of Sainte Marie was 
granted a charter by the State of Illinois to operate as a 
state bank, and the name was changed to Sainte Marie 
State Bank. 

Total assets on June 30, 1962, were $2,383,084.69. 

Early day advertisements of the bank carried the 
slogan: "If you have money, we want it; if you want 
money, we have it." 

This was designed to show the two-fold purpose of 
the bank: 1, to provide a safe place for people to deposit 
their funds, and, 2, to furnish a place where they could 
borrow money for worthwhile purposes. 

Today's slogan is, "The bank where a depositor never 
. lost a dollar." 

Ed Barthelme, who served the bank as president for 
many years, died in 1957. Present officers are: 

President, E. C. Alblinger; vice-president, Merle D. 
Yost; cashier, Mary Jean Ping; assistant cashier, James 
S. Geltz, and teller, Mrs. Geneva Swortfiger. 

Directors besides Mr. Alblinger and Mr. Yost are Mrs. 
Mildred Alblinger and Mrs. Edna Laugel Peters. 

Robbed in 1920 

One of the highlights in the history of the bank came 

j at 11:15 a. m. Wednesday, July 21, 1920, when three men 

held up Cashier Irenis C. Barthelme and Gus Richards, the 

latter a customer who entered while the robbery was in 

progress. 

The bandits took all the cash and paper resources of 
the bank except 78c. The loot amounted to $39,982.98, 
and all but 6c of the total was recovered. 

All three bandits and their accomplices were captured. 

The late J. A. Eaton Sr. was sheriff at the time, and 

Paul Girhard was his deputy. Deputy U. S. Marshal 

William Pippin and City Marshal Dan Miller also were 

given special mention for their work on the case. W. E. 

: Lsley was state's attorney. 

A large number of private citizens were used in the 
formation of a posse to capture the final bandit. 



Germans Join French; Remember Band? 

As the years passed in the history of Sainte Marie 
more settlers came in, many of them Germans. 

It was odd how French and German people could not 
get along as neighbors in the Old World, but in the U. S. 
they could live side by side, work together for community, 
church and school without friction. It seemed that the 
very air was charged with peace and good will. 

As a rule, where you find a dozen or more Germans 
you will find a little German band. Such a band was or- 
ganized in Sainte Marie. They played music for church 
picnics, socials and suppers and wedding parties. As a 
member grew older and winded, a younger man would 
step into his place. So it went for years. 

As a very small child I remember Grandfather Huber 
would invite the Little Band over to the old Brick house 
for a Sunday afternoon concert. They would play out in 
the yard under the shade trees. Grandpa kept time with 
his foot, a far away look in his eyes as though he was 
remembering some happy time in his youth, back in the 
Father land. 

After a few numbers like the Blue Danube and Vien- 
nese Waltz, Grandpa would pass a pitcher of home made 
wine or cider for refreshments. Then the band would play 
again. It always seemed that the second half of the con- 
cert had more "oompah" than the first. 

Toward evening the band boys would gather up their 
instruments and music, go trooping down the hill, cross 
the Embarras River in the skiff and go marching up the 
river road, keeping time to the big bass drum beaten by 
Drum Major Richard Pictor. 

Industries and Fishing in Area 

In about the year 1910, there were so many herds of 
fine dairy cattle around the community that the farmers 
decided to build a creamery in Sainte Marie. This they 
did, hired Val C. Weurth of Sauk City, Wis., as butter 
maker with S. O. Alblinger as assistant. This went on 
for years, bringing thousands of dollars to the people 
around the town. 

The creamery burned to the ground in 1915 and was 
not rebuilt. 

In 1937 the Libby Canning Co. put a tomato station 
in town. This, too, was on the Xavier Picquet estate. 
J. J. Hartrich was manager. Although the plant only 
operated for a few years, the tomatoes grown were as 
fine as could be found anywhere and brought thousands 
of dollars into the community. 

Levee 

In 1922 the people in and around Sainte Marie, grow- 
ing tired of the embarrassing way the river had of rising 
so fast and furiously, decided to levee the river bottoms 
and save their precious crops. This, of course, was a tre- 
mendous undertaking. Crawford and Callihan, dragline 
contractors, were contracted. 

Above Sainte Marie it was the Sainte Marie Drainage 
District. James Kaufmann, Joseph Clark and Alex Ritz 
were district commissioners. 

Below Sainte Marie it was the Captain Pond District, 
with Anthony Reis, William Houser and A. C. Bolander 
as commissioners. 

The levees have been broken by floods. The break in 
June, 1957, was the worst of all. 



45 



Scenes From Today and the Past 




Left row: Top, Beautiful Sacred Heart Mission House, center, the rectory of St. Mary's Parish, bottom, 
Sainte Marie School; right row, top, St. Mary's Parish Hall, center, the old sawmill of A. C. Bolander in Sainte 
Marie, and bottom, the old Kraus Distillery in tne Bend, destroyed by fire in August, 1901. The distillery was built 
in about 1890 by F. E. Kraus and George Dovel. They made and sold bonded liquor. Mash left after the liquor was 
distilled was fed to the cattle. 



46 



Sainte Marie Once Had Hospital 

In 1911 and 1912 Joseph Picquet and his daughter, 
Miss Marie, built a new brick house just east of the old 
one. The Sisters of St. Francis, a nursing order from 
Springfield, 111., were looking for a place in the country. 

Mr. Picquet donated his old home and a plot of ground 
to this order. They proceeded to build a two-story, 15- 
roora addition to it. 

Kan Four Years 

The sisters cared for patients in the hospital and also 
did some home nursing. I he hospital was known as "Home 
of Holy Name of Mary." 

sister Sabastina was the superior, and bister Urbana 
was head nurse, 'ihe hospital began operations in 1913 

I but because of poor roads, making it hard to get patients 
to and from the hospital, the sisters gave it up in 1917. 
1 he house was vacant for awhile, but not lor long. 

The Sacred Heart Missionaries from Germany were 
seeking a place for the novitiate in the North American 
province. Through a long and devious correspondence, 
Father P. J. Virnich, then pastor of St. Mary's church, 

: heard about it. He cordially invited them to come to 

! Sainte Marie, went with them to Springfield to see Bishop 
Griffin and ask his permission to enter this diocese. 

It was graciously given and on March 19, 1925, Father 

i Fohromann took possession of the house which had been 
the home of the founder of Sainte Marie, Joseph Picquet. 
Soon afterward the Sisters of St. Francis deeded the prop- 
erty to the Sacred Heart Missions. 

Beautiful Monastery 

Now they had the first foundation of their order in 
the North American province. In 1925 Father Fohroman, 
the pioneer of the province, came to Sainte Marie to stay. 
They continued to clean, clear and to build till now it is 
one of the most beautiful monasteries in the state of 
Illinois. 

The highlight of their foundation here in Sainte Marie 
is the building of a beautiful new chapel. At the bless- 
ing of the chapel Bishop Griffin called it, "An unique 
temple, a gem, in our province." 

Mr. Picquet, who lived only a few months in his beau- 
tiful new home, has long since passed away. Mrs. Char- 
lotte Ftudd, a granddaughter, gave the lovely home to the 
Sacred Heart Mission. 



Dr. Leon J. Willien 

Joseph Picquet made eight trips back to France and 
on his third trip back to the United States, there accom- 
panied him a young widow, Mrs. Leon Willien, and her 
four-year-old son Leon. Mrs. Willien was a sister of the 
first Ferdinand and Theodore Hartrich in Sainte Marie. 
They settled at Sainte Marie, Jasper County, 111. 

Leon J. Willien was born Oct. 8, 1840, in Alsace-Lor- 
raine, France, son of a noted physician and professor in 
the University of Strassburg. His early education was 
under the instructions of a French tutor. He married 
Mary Fleming. Their children were: Dr. W. F. Willien, 
Leon, Mrs. Helen O'Mara, Mrs. Gertrude Reiman and 
Hermine. 

Dr. Willien studied at St. Louis Medical College in 
St. Louis, Mo., then spent three years at the University 
of Strassburg, graduating from that famous school of 



surgery in 1864. H e practiced in Jasper county and 
Effingham, Illinois, until he went to Terre Haute in 1872. 
He was a founder of St. Anthony Hospital Medical Staff 
in 1882 in Terre Haute and a pioneer abdominal surgeon 
of the Wabash Valley. His office was at Seventh and 
Chestnut streets in Terr e Haute. He died June 17, 1919, 
after a year's illness. 

He was a member of the Vigo County Medical Society 
in 1874; was president of the Indiana State Medical So- 
ciety in 1881; was a member of the American Medical 
Association, the Aesculapian Society, a Fellow of the 
American College of Surgeons in 1913. He was physician 
to St. Mary of the Woods College for 35 years, a Catholic 
and a Democrat. 

Dr. Willien published six books on medicine. One 
was the earliest ever published by a Vigo County, Indiana, 
doctor. His income was large but he was so generous 
with his family that in his old age he was forced to con- 
tinue in general practice to make a livelihood, not that he 
desired otherwise, for he was untiring in his devotion to 
the practice of medicine. In stature he was short and of 
a quick, nervous temperament. He discussed medical 
subjects ably, fluently and in perfect English but with a 
pronounced Alsatian accent. He was noted for his devo- 
tion to professional ethics, in December, 1887, he report- 
ed to the Vigo County Medical Society concerning his 
extensive visits to hospitals in Europe. 

Like all busy people Dr. Willien needed an occasional 
vacation. He dearly loved to come back to Sainte Marie 
to tramp the woods and prairie fields hunting for deer, 
wild turkey, grouse, quail and prairie chickens. He was 
often heard to remark that he didn't know which he en- 
joyed the most, tramping the woods and fields in the 
fresh air, or sitting down to a table loaded with good 
country food and fruits of the hunt, in the homes of his 
relatives and friends in Sainte Marie. 

Dr. Willien's mother returned to Sainte Marie in her 
old age and made her home with the Sisters of St. Joseph, 
who kept aged patients as well as orphan children, in the 
budding that was later used as a school. 



History of Sainte Marie Paper 

A newspaper was established in Sainte Marie by Otis 
Stanley of Newton in 1900. Called the Sainte Marie 
Tribune, it was published Friday of each week and the 
subscription price was $1 per year. 

In the Jan. 9, 1903, issue, we noticed an advertisement 
of Charles Bar the! me, general merchandise, offering boy's 
no-rip shoes for $1.25 per pair, also A. A. Strutner's ad: 
"Cool beer. Your jug trade solicited." 

S. F. Stanley advised yen "Don't Go Hungry. While 
in Newton Stop at Stanley's restaurant for a good hot 
meal, including soup, price 20c, north of Cox's saloon." 

In the Nov. 11, 1904, Tribune was an advertisement 
of the C. H. and D. railroad, "Two through trains to St. 
Louis Weald's Fair, landing you and your baggage at the 
gate." 

Spitzer and Litzelman, implement dealers, advised 
the public they had a new shipment of Flint wagons and 
scoop boards. In a December, 1910, issue, the Sainte 
Marie Dramatic club announced it was putting on a show, 
"Pennsylvania Kid," Dec. 31, New Year's Eve, admission 
25c. 

In November, 1911, M. L. Keavin of Newton adver- 



47 



The Sainte Marie of 1962 





Top left, Tony's Tavern; top right, George's Tavern; second row, left, Gowin's Mill, right, Stone Earth- 
moving; third row, left, Michl Garage, right, Hoffman's Barber Shop; bottom row, left, Kocher Implement Co., 
right, American Legion Home, Post 932, first home owned by a post in Jasper county. 

48 



tised a sale of Amoskeag gingham at 4%c per yard and 
hope muslin, 10c and 12c values, at 6%c per yard. Men's 
odd pants, peg top, were offered at $1.90 per pair. 

In 1904 A. F. Alblinger, age 17, who had been type- 
setter for Otis Stanley, took over the Tribune with J. J. 
Rider as typesetter and continued to publish the little 
newspaper, recording the births, deaths, goings and com- 
ings, good news and bad news of th e little community. 

In 1905 the paper was moved to the building where 
the old post office was, and the Bell telephone company 
put in their switchboard in one room while the paper was 
printed in the other. This continued for several years. 

In 1917 when World War I was raging, August F. 
Alblinger was one of the first young men from Jasper 
county called to the Army. The Tribune was discontinued 
and is now only history. 

Sainte Marie has been served for years by The New- 
ton Press, a twice-a-week newspaper published in the 
county seat, and since Dec. 23, 1959, by The Newton Press- 
Mentor, the county's only newspaper. 



Swine Testing Station Spreads Fame 

Sainte Marie's latest claim to fame is an institution 
which actually has brought fame to all of Jasper county. 

This is the feed and carcass swine testing station 
operated for the past eight years by the Jasper County 
Swine Herd Improvement Association on the Andrew 
Sheridan farm at the west edge of the village along Route 
130-A. 

Mr. Sheridan serves as herdsman for the association 
and has won the confidence and respect of all concerned 
with the station. 

Proof Positive 

The station operates under all the strict rules and 
regulations of the Illinois Swine Improvement Association, 
and the facts and figures compiled and thoroughly checked 
each year provide the irrefutable evidence which put Jas- 
per county at the top of the modern pork production 
world. 

A field day is held each year at the close of the test- 
ing station period. Part of this field day is held at the 
station itself. The group of interested persons also goes 
to the Ha.rtrich meat processing plant to check the car- 
casses of hogs which have been slaughtered. 

Low Grade Hogs Scarce 

It is interesting to note that leaders of the association 
always have found plenty of home-grown Jasper county 
hogs to grade No. 1, but to get a low grade hog to use 
for comparisons they have frequently had to go all the 
way to another county! 

(Editor's Note: The name of the other county is 
omitted to avoid embarrassment to those fanners who 
haven't had tender-lean pork production preached to them 
by The Newton Press-Mentor for 10 or 12 years.) 



Stores' Role in Life of Sainte Marie 

At one time there were four general merchandise 
stores on the square in Sainte Marie, those of Joseph Lein- 
hart, Pictor Bros., Charles Barthelme and I. Kolb. 

This Barthelme store was first operated by Francis 



Schneider, then was taken over by Charles Barthelme in 
1895. Nowhere else could you get such a bag of candy for 
5c as at Barthelme's store. 

Retires in 1914 

Mr. Barthelme retired in 1914 and his younger bro- 
ther, Ed, took over the business. For 42 years Ed Bar- 
thelme was busy waiting on customers and making 
friends. In 1946 the store burned to the ground. 

Before the ashes were cold, another building across 
the street, owned by Mr. Barthelme, was open, a new stock 
installed, and again he was in business. It is now known 
as "Ed Barthelme's Sons." Gilbert and Francis (Gil and 
Bud) Barthelme took over the Barthelme store in Febru- 
ary, 1947. 

The other three stores have long been gone. 

A number of new stores were started, flourished for 
awhile, then went out of business. 

Meat Processing Plant 

Hartrich Brothers, Albert and Harold, bought out the 
Robards Bros, grocery store and started a meat process- 
ing plant. Their hickory smoked hams and sausages are 
known for miles around. Their meat processing plant is 
also on the Xavier Picquet place. 

Albert and Harold Hartrich are great grandsons of 
one of the first pioneers, Theodore Hartrich. 

Other Businesses 

There are still taverns in town where you can get a 
cool beer, but the jug trade is obsolete. 

There is a barber shop where you can get a good hair 
cut, as well as two beauty parlors. 



Interesting Bits of History 

The church at Sainte Marie was named Assumption 
at first, later changed to St. Mary's. 

* * * 

In about 1907 C. E. Lamoth built a grain elevator near 
the C. H. & D. railroad. Cars could be loaded right from 
the elevator. It was an important business in its day. In 
about 1912 it burned to the ground and was not replaced. 

* * * 

Miss Georgiana Spitzer, now Mrs. G. C. Brown, was 
organist at the church for almost 40 years. 

* * * 

Mrs. Bernadette Zuber was president of the Mother's 
Club when the hot lunch program was started in the 
school in Sainte Marie in 1947. 

* * * 

Many small businesses, such as drug stores, restaur- 
ants, meat markets and cream stations, dress and millin- 
ery shops were started through the years, flourished for 
awhile, then went out of business. 

* * * 

A new steel bridge was built across the river in 1919. 

H. T. Kirts was the first commander of Legion Post 
932 in Sainte Marie. 

* * * 

Mrs. Clare Hartrich was the first president of Ameri- 
can Legion Auxiliary in Sainte Marie. 



49 



People You Know in Today's Sainte Marie 





j ( 




Top left photo shows the past church committee chairmen, left to right, Mrs. Ferdinand Hartrich, Mrs. Mil- 
dred Helregel, Mrs. Angela Hahn, Mrs. Bernadette Reis, Mrs. Bertha Ritz, Mrs. Ann Sheridan, Mrs. Geraldine 
Gowin, Mrs. Charlene Bolander, Mrs. Helen Radke and the present chairman, Mrs. Celeste Keller. 

Top right photo shows the Quasquicentennial officers, left to right, James Geltz, treasurer, Mrs. E. C. 
Alblinger, secretary, Mrs. Ferdinand Hartrich, general chairman, and Paul Faltemier, assistant chairman. 

Lower left photo shows the Mothers Club and Altar Society officers, left to right, Mrs. Mildred Helregel, 
Dorothy Kaufmann, Viola Litzelman, Rose Schwartz, Dorothy Huber and Johnnie Moran. 

Lower right photo shows the Home Bureau Day Unit, left to right, Mary Jean Ping, Johnny Moran, Eufala 
Bigard, Mrs. Ferdinand Hartrich, Charlene Bolander, Bernadette Reis and Ann Sheridan. 



50 



Our Fine Modern Post Office 

Sainte Marie's fine modern post office was formally 
dedicated Sunday, Oct. 15, 1961. 

The U. S. Postal Department has given mail service 
to Sainte Marie for over 124 years, with an established 
Post Office for 123 years. 

Since the establishment of the first Post Office here 
in 1839, the location has been changed five times, but this 
is the first time new quarters have been furnished. 

Records show that the first mail to be delivered in 
Sainte Marie was contracted Oct. 17, 1837, to William 
Barrick. According to the contract, mail was carried 
from Lawrenceville, 111., (via Stringtown) Sainte Marie, 
Newton, Greenup and Campbell to Coles court house, a 
distance of 73 miles and back, once a week; the salary 
$365 per year. The mode of transportation, at first, as 
were other mail contracts, at that time in Illinois, was by 
horseback, later by stage and wagon, also by boat up the 
Embarras River. 

The first official Post Office in Sainte Marie was 
established Nov. 23, 1838, with Joseph Picquet as post- 
master. He served for 16 years. 

From Nov. 23, 1838, the name of Saint Marie was 
official, but on June 20, 1892, th e spelling of the name 
was changed to Sainte Marie, the French settlers request- 
ing it have the French spelling. 

Since the establishment of the Post Office in Sainte 
Marie in 1838, there have been 11 postmasters, four hav- 
ing served at different intervals by reappointment. Fol- 
lowing is the list of the postmasters and the date of 
appointment : 

Joseph Picquet — Nov. 23, 1838; Joseph Schifferstein— 
April 18, 1854; Cornelius Crowley — Jan. 27, 1864; Joseph 
Schneider— Oct. 19, I860; Cornelius Crowley — Jan. 25, 
1871; Joseph Schneider — Feb. 7, 1871; Cornelius Crowley 
—May 7, 1872; Mary Crowley- March 10, 1874; Mathias 
Laugel— Nov. 13, 1874; Joseph Schneider — Nov. 13, 1876; 
John J. Rider — Sept. 23, 1885; Xavier Picquet — May 26, 
1889; John J. Rider— May 3, 1893; Xavier Picquet — May 
8, 1897; Ruth Picquet— March 15, 1898; Josephine Lamotte 
—July 20, 1914, and Lena (Alblinger) Kirts-^Iuly 5, 1918, 
to date. 

The office was 4th class from 1838 to July 1, 1930, 
when it was changed to Presidential classification, later 
relegated to 4th. In 1944, because of the increased volume 
of mail, it was raised to third class, which is its present 
status. 

Since C. H. & D. railroad was discontinued in 1919, 
the mail service has been through Star Route carriers. 

Clerks who have served in the Post Office are: 

Eloise Barthelme from Sept. 12, 1932, to Jan. 31, 1946. 

Eugenia Kirts, March 1, 1946, to Aug. 16, 1947. 

Geneva Shedlebower, Aug. 21 to Oct. 18, 1947. 

Mary Moran, Nov. 10, 1947, to Oct. 1, 1949. 

Averil Keller, Nov. 1, 1949, to date. 

The new building is 25 x 41 ft. with a rear loading 
ramp of concrete 21 x 17 ft., some 10 inches high. A 
crushed rock driveway leads to the rear. The exterior 
of the building is of Norman brick. 

Large panels of glass enhance the front as does the 
planter filled with colorful flowers. A two-tone color 
scheme is intensified by 12 double tube fluorescent lights. 
Temperature control is available with an automatic gas 
furnace and a. 2y 2 ton air-conditioner. 




Ample hot water is available. Th e floor covering is 
vinyl floor tile. 

Building contractors were Albert Russell, George 
Russell and T. V. Michl. The building is owned by John 
Alblinger and leased to the Post Office Department. 

Personnel of the Post Office moved into the new 
building Oct. 1, 1961. Few were the pieces of equipment 
moved from the old quarters to the new as the Post Office 
Department has installed all new and modern equipment. 



Beloved Sainte Marie Doctor 



This is the late Dr. G. C. 
Brown, a beloved Sainte 
Mario physician for many 
5 cars. 

Dr. Brown also became 
widely known through his 
work as superintendent and 
physician in state hos- 
pitals. 

His widow yet resides in 
Sainte Marie. 



Home Bureau 

Home Bureau was first organized in Jasper county in 
1945. The home adviser came from Effingham to hold 
meetings in Jasper. 

Two years later Jasper hired a home adviser of its 
own, and a number of new units were formed. At present 
there are 20 units, each sponsoring a 4-H Club. 

There are three Home Bureau units in Sainte Marie 
Township: Home Sainte Marie Day, Sainte Marie night, 
and Bend unit. Home Bureau has added much to the 
lives of the homemakets in Sainte Marie Township. 

History of Our 4-H Clubs 

4-H Clubs for Girls 

The first 4-H Club in Sainte Marie was organized by 
the late Mrs. Merle D. Yost in 1929, at the time she and 
her family lived here. The leaders were Mrs. G. C. Brown 
and Miss Elizabeth Picquet, (now Mrs. A. C. Bolander). 

There were 10 members, and now they are grand- 
mothers with grandchildren in 4-H. Down through the 
years there have been many clubs and leaders. Leaders 
that are and were outstanding ar e Mrs. Elmer Kocher, 11 
years as leader, Mrs. Winifred Michl, 9 years, and Miss 
Christine Alblinger, 7 years. Miss Alblinger is a teacher 
at Newton Community High school. 

Other leaders of the 4-H clubs are Mrs. Frank Zuber, 
Miss Agnes Pictor, Miss Frances Hann, Miss Eugenia 
Kirts, Mrs. Maym e Hartrich, Mrs. Frances Barthelme, 
Mrs. Marcella Menke, Mrs. Eufala Bigard, Mrs. Dorothy 
Huber, Miss Sylvia Geltz, Miss Joyce Alblinger, Mrs. Mar- 
tha Stone, Mrs. Geraldine Gowin, Mrs. Emma Cameron, 



51 



The Sainte Marie of 1962 




Top row: Left, American Legion Post 932, Memorial service May 30, 1962, in Saint Mary's cemetery, and 
right, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Bigard, garbed in the manner stylish for the Quasquicentennial celebration; center 
row, left, St. Valentine Church in the Bend, Precinct 2 of Sainte Marie Township; and right, Mr. and Mrs. Dick 
Hunzinger and family, all decked out in proper array for the Quasquicentennial; bottom row, left, the Rennier 
homestead in the Bend, and right, modern parish hall of St. Valentine Church in the Bend. 



52 



Mrs. Celeste Keller, Mrs. Mildred Schmidt, Mrs. Renee 
Spitzer, Mrs. Ada Mae Moran, Mrs. Maxine Hartrich, Mrs. 
Marcella Menke, Miss Shirley Stone, Mrs. Melba Rose 
Sheridan and Mrs. Marcella Strutner. 

Officers of the Helpful Little Hands 4-H Club in 1962 
are as follow: President, Judy Litzelman; vice-president, 
Carol Swisher; secretaiy, Kay Barthelme; treasurer, Bon- 
nie Hunzinger. 

Requirements of the Helpful Little Hands 4-H Club 
are, to be 10 years of age by July 1, completing a record 
book and turning it in to the local leader, giving a talk or 
demonstration at some meeting of the local club, and 
making an exhibit of the project at a local or county 
exhibition. 

The 4-H girls' projects are cooking, baking, room im- 
provement, sewing, outdoor cooking, and photography for 
iy<>Z. Achievement programs included picnics, parties, 
special programs where two or more clubs get together 
and invite the whole community, barbecues and meals 
cooked and seived by the 4-H ciub to their parents and 
leaders. 

There are 33 girls in the Helpful Little Hands 4-H 
Club for 1962. Twenty-three of them are taking a sewing 
project, 'ihe first year sewing project is called "You 
Learn to Sew ', in which they make a simple gathered 
skirt. The main object is to learn to use the sewing 
machine. Ihe following years their project is titled "You 
Make Your Own Cluthes". If the girls stay in 4-H three 
to four years they may go from simple sewing to tailoring. 

Cooking classes are made up of the following proj- 
ects: "You Learn to Bake", "It's Fun to Cook", "Meat 
in Your Meals ', "Adventures in Cooking", "Pastry in 
Your Meals", "Yeast Breads" and "A B C's of Cooking". 

Other projects in our club consist of "Flower Arrang- 
ing" and "Candle Making". There are 10 girls in these 
two projects. 

Under usual circumstances the girls are allowed to 
take as many projects as they can properly handle. Due 
to the great number of girls in this club (the largest club 
in Jasper county) the girls were restricted to as many 
projects as they had years in club work. For instance 
girls who had four years in club work were allowed four 
projects, etc. 

The Helpful Little Hands have Mrs. Melba Rose Sher- 
idan as their leader and assisting in sewing classes are 
Mrs. Bernita Barthelme and Mrs. Marcella Strutner. 

Miss Carolyn Swope, our Jasper county home adviser, 
remarked to the author just recently while talking about 
4-H, "Wouldn't it be wonderful if we could get together 
the 4-H Alumni of Jasper County?" And indeed it would. 

Boys' 4-H Clubs 

The boys' 4-H Clubs in Sainte Marie don't date back 
as far as the girls', nevertheless they have been doing 
some very good work and their leaders, past and present, 
are to be commended for the time and patience they have 
expended on the 4-H clubs. 

Officers of the Chore Boys are: President, Anthony 
Reis; vice-president, Ed Kaufmann; secretary-treasurer, 
Florent Ochs; assistant secretary, Eddie Faltemier; re- 
porter, Eddie Reis. Projects covered this year are: Crops, 
Swine, Photography and Dog Care. Through the gen- 
erosity of Sainte Marie Legion Post 932, the 4-H Chore 
Boys have always held their meetings there. 

This year's 4-H leaders are Theodore Kocher, Law- 
rence Helregel and Vic Ochs. Past Sainte Marie Chore 



Boys 4-H Club leaders have been Kenneth Stone, Louis 
Ochs, Norbert Ochs, Robert Helregel, Norton Reis, Rich- 
ard Ochs, Ted Kocher, Victor Ochs and Harold Harris. 

4-Leai Clover Girls 4-H Club 

This year leaders of the 4-Leaf Clover Girls are 
Audrey Ikemire, leader for two years, and Mrs. Winifred 
Michl, leader for 11 years. 

Officers are: President, Mary Ellen Kraus; vice- 
president, Mickey Tracy; secretary, Tamra Ikemire; 
treasurer, Brenda Schoff stall; and the other girls are 
Brenda Michl, Sandra Seaney, Diana Tracy, Rose Marie 
Boehl, Marlene Boehl and Kay Seaney. 

Projects are handicraft, table covers for beginners, 
you make your own clothes, yeast breads, freezing, flower 
arrangement, you learn to bake, adventure in cooking, 
you learn to sew and ABC's of foods. 

Past leaders have been Mrs. Winifred Michl, Mrs. 
John Fisher, Mrs. Shirley Kraus and Mrs. Audrey Ikemire. 

The Bend 4-H Club 

The adult leaders of The Bend 4-H Club are Noel 
Ikemire, John R. Michl and Hamer Stone. 

Ihe club officers are: President, John C. Michl; vice- 
president, Gregory Iktmire; secretary, Pat Stone; treas- 
urer, Ralpn E. Michl; reporter, Jerry A. Michl; recreation 
leaders, Pat Stone and Gregory Ikemire. 

Projects in the club are Swine, Gardening, Crops, 
Entomology and Photography. 

Old Homes Represented Happy Families 

In writing the history of Sainte Marie township, Pre- 
cincts one and two, I've come across some unusual stories. 
There are a number of frame houses around here that are 
more than 100 years old, but there were three brick 
houses, each outstanding in its own way. 

They were the Jacques Picquet house in Sainte Marie, 
the Joseph Petar Huber house on the sand hills east of 
town called the Ridge, and the Rennier homestead above 
the Rennier bridge in the Bend. 

All three of these houses were built of what is slight- 
ingly called, "soft brick." That is, they were made of 
native clay and burned in a kiln on the homestead 
grounds. But these old houses weathered many storms 
and with care could have sheltered several generations 
more. But modern home-makers took a dim view of 18x22 
feet rooms, with 10 to 12 foot ceilings. They were hard 
to clean and heat, so the old homesteads went the way of 
so many of our pioneer possessions. 

The Rennier homestead was begun by Valentine 
Krause in about 1870, but before the old gentleman could 
complete his fine house, he died. It is fashioned along the 
lines of the huge square brick houses in that very German 
city, Cincinnati, O. 

It is three stories, and the basement comes out on the 
ground level on the south side. One can still faintly smell 
the fragrance of the old wine cellar. There are five sunny 
rooms on the first floor, all 15 or 18 feet square with 10 
foot ceilings, the same number of rooms above, and then 
a huge attic. Along the full length of the east side of the 
house was a veranda overlooking the garden. 

Around 1875 a young German farmer, Jacob Rennier, 
came into the Bend. He married Gertrude Krause, foster 
daughter and niece of Valentine Krause, and together 



58 



Pilgrim Holiness Church 



Beaux and Boosters 




This is the Pilgrim Holiness Church in Sainte Marie. 
Trustees shown are Gerald Sheridan, Mrs. Delia Murphy 
and Gordon Sheridan. 



Greetings to All at 
Sainte Marie! 

You've been our friends 
since 1949, and we hope 
to merit your friendship 
for many more years. 

DON and IMOGENE LAMSON 



BEN FRANKLIN 



Newton, 111. 




These bearded beaux have helped boost preparations 
for the Sainte Marie Quasquicentennial. 

Shown left to right are: 

First row, Dick Hunzinger, I. D. Kocher, Joe Kocher, 
Lawrence Huber. Second row, Paul Faltemier, Paul 
Hartrich, George Swortfiger, Sam Zuber. Third row, 
James Geltz, James Cunningham, Maynard Kocher, "Bud" 
Stone. Fourth row, James Schwartz, Gene Bigard, Fran- 
cis "Yank" Schmidt and Wilmer "Hoover" Ochs. 



Best Wishes From 



General Telephone Company 



of Illinois 



54 



they finished building the brick house Valentine Krause 
had begun. 

At first they lived in a log house, but when their third 
child, Matilda, was born they moved into the new brick 
home. Five generations of one family have slept beneath 
this roof. A stozy was told to me the day of the sale of 
the household goods. 

When the eldest daughter was married there were so 
many wedding guejts, the beds piled high with coats, 
caps and sleeping babies. Ihe two little Rennier boys, 
finding no bed to sleep in, climbed into a huge old walnut 
wardrobe and made a bed of quilts they found there. 
Morning came and the dance ever, the frantic parents 
searched everywhere for the missing pair. They were 
stunned to see them come strolling out, Sunday suits all 
rumpled, wanting to know what the fuss was all about. 

The homestead was a place where whole hams were 
put to boil in the wash boiler, mounds of chicken were 
fried, great loaves of bread were baked, crocks of butter 
were home-churned and sweet cream and great pitchers 
of milk came fresh from the spring house. 

No need of a super market here for fresh fruit or 
vegetables, either. 

The vegetable garden was a thing of beauty, with 
long rows of sweet corn, new peas, potatoes, lettuce and 
radishes, an asparagus and strawberry bed of long stand- 
ing, pyramids of pole beans hanging thick with wax and 
lima beans, a sea of cucumber and melon vines, raspberry 
canes and grape arbor all bordered about with sweet sum- 
mer flowers. 

Here, too, you found the hop vines and bee hives. The 
orchard, too, was a picture. The apple, cherry and peach 
trees were well cared for, for a whole season of fruit was 
to be had here. Nut trees, too, were here, walnut, hickory, 
shell barks and pecans. 

With their beeves, porkers, sheep and poultry, these 
were the independent and self-sufficient people who helped 
to make our country great. 

A sale of the Rennier household goods was held. 
Standing back in the spring sunshine one could watch 
antique buyers with a gleam in their eyes bid in old wal- 
nut bedsteads, chests of drawers, spinning wheels, cob- 
blers' tools that were used to make wooden shoes, wool 
carders, looms for carpet and material, poke jars and wine 
jugs. You knew this was the passing of a way of life 
that is no more. 

Here, too, the wind whistles through the empty barns 
and granaries, sighs mournfully through casements across 
empty rooms where so many happy people have lived. 

It is to be hoped some energetic young farmer and 
his family take over the old Rennier homestead and bring 
it back tx> life again. 

Saint Mary's Cemetery 

Saint Mary's cemetery is an interesting and historical 
place. 

Laid out by the founding fathers, it covers possibly 
two acres of ground on a gentle rise at the south end of 
i Sainte Marie. 

Fine old pine trees shade the well-kept graves. Here 
we find tombstones marked Jacques Picquet, born 1791, 
and Theodore Hartrich, 1793. On many stone markers 
the birth dates are in the early 1800's. 

Paul Bogard, flag committeeman of American Legion 



Post 932, Sainte Marie, told us in 1957 that there are 24 
known Civil War veterans buried there, including such 
well known names as those of Col. J. J. Rider, Lieut. 
Xavier Picquet and First Sergt. Dan O'Donnel. There are 
graves of veterans of the Spanish-American War, World 
War I, World War II and the Korean conflict. 

Within a space of possibly 100 square feet there are 
graves of soldiers of five wars. 

In the town cemetery there are bodies of two Civil 
War veterans. 

In Saint Mary's cemetery, there are the graves of two 
priests, rather Laughran, who was assistant to Father 
Sandrock, died in 1860, and Father Virnich, who came to 
Sainte Marie in 1881 and was the parish priest for more 
than 52 years. 

Both of these priests asked to be buried with their 
parishioners. 

Letter From White House 

THE WHITE HOUSE 
Washington 

May 16, 1962 
Dear Mrs. Hartrich: 

Many thanks for your letter to the President concern- 
ing the joint observance of the 125th anniversary of your 
town of Sainte Marie and Saint Mary's Church. 

May I, on the President's behalf, extend warm greet- 
ings and best wishes to all who will be gathering for this 
notable event. Through the years your town and church 
have contributed to the strength and vitality of both the 
community and the Nation, and the President is confident 
that you will continue to grow in service to God and man. 

Sincerely, 

Ralph A. Dungan, 

Special Assistant 
to the President 

Mis. Ferdinand Hartrich 

Post Office Box 121 

Sainte Marie, Illinois 

Friendly letters of congratulations also were received 
from Governor Otto Kerner of Illinois and the office of 
Mayor Richard J. Daley of Chicago. 

Letter From Father De Palma 

Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia 
July 1, 1961 
Dear Mrs. Hartrich: 

I am pleased to learn that next year Sainte Marie 
shall celebrate its 125th birthday and that for the special 
anniversary a history of the town shall be published. 
Please accept our heartiest congratulations and sincere 
wishes for a truly joyful commemoration. 

I am particularly pleased to share in your joy because 
of the happy relationship which has existed between the 
residents of Sainte Marie and vicinity, especially the 
members of the Assumption Parish, and our religious com- 
munity for over 35 years. Moreover, as local superior of 
the Sacred Heart Novitiate I became acquainted with 



55 



People You Know in Sainte Marie of 1962 




Top left photo shows the entertainment committee, left to right, Pat Moran, Rosemary Mullinax, Bob 
Swisher, Freda Swisher, Don Spitzer, Margaret Menacher, Edwin Hahn, Angela Hahn, Ed Ritz and Bertha Ritz. 

Top right photo shows the church committee, left to right, Romona Hunzinger, Cathryn Kocher, Bernadette 
Zuber, Olivia Sheridan, Gladys Reis, Helen Radke, Celeste Keller, chairman, Mildred Alblinger, treasurer, Serena 
Kaufmann, Angela Geltz, Ursula Huff, Geraldine Gowin and Letha Zuber. 

Lower left photo shows Holy Name and Knights o f Columbus officers, left to right, Arthur Keller, Ted 
Litzelman, Louis Reis, Marion Keller and Eugene Bigard. 

Lower right photo show the Sainte Marie Town Board, left to right, Richard Hunzinger, Andrew Sheridan, 
Bob Swisher, Ed Stone, Leonard Sheridan, Paul Faltemier and Mayor Lawrence Hartrich. 



56 



various members of the Sainte Marie community and, 
above all, was privileged to take a small part in the 
religious service of the members of the Assumption parish. 
Believe me, we have very fond memories of those years 
between 1945 and 1952. 

I should add that during the above-mentioned years 
1 came into closer contact with the mending club — gen- 
erous and kind women of the Sainte Marie Parish. It is 
certainly good to hear that the Ladies of the Altar Society 
have again formed a mending club and continue to meet 
at the Sacred Heart Novitiate. We are ever grateful to 
them and all others who have been and still are so kind 
to our B athers, Brothers, Novices and Postulants. May 
the Sacred Heart of Jesus reward all of you in His unique 
way. 

With cordial greetings to all and an assurance of my 
humble prayers for continued success and prosperity in 
the Lord, I remain 

Very respectfully in Christ, 

Joseph De Palma, S.C.J., Sup. Gen. 

The Very Rev. Joseph De Palma, S.C.J., who is Su- 
perior General over 22 countries, was on a regular visita- 
tion to the North Amercian Continent these past three 
months. Father De Palma studied as a novitiate at the 
Mission in Sainte Marie in about 1925. 

On June 19 the ladies of the mending club, who go 
each week to do the mending for the 60 or more students 
and priests, were invited to a Mass read especially for 
them by Father De Palma. 



In visiting with the club later, Father De Palma told 
them "Of all the countries and cities I've seen, I still like 
the S. C. J. home here the best. I hope to end my days in 
peaceful Sainte Marie." 

The mending club was organized by Miss Marie 
Picquet, daughter of Pioneer Joseph Picquet, about 33 
years ago. One member, Miss Mary Bolander, attended 
every mending day for 25 years without being absent once. 

Wabash Valley Association 

One of the newer and very important organizations 
in this area is the Jasper County Chapter of the Wabash 
Valley Association. 

The organization, formed about four years ago, is 
dedicated to work for the total development of the water 
resources of the Wabash River Basin, with specific em- 
phasis locally on the Embarras River Valley, of which our 
area is a vital part. 

The Jasper County Chapter is one of the most active 
of all the chapters in both Illinois and Indiana. There are 
approximately 150 members. 

Officers of the chapter are: President, Eugene Hart- 
rich; vice-president, Burton Acklin; and secretary, Clete 
Jansen. Other directors are Lowell Diel, Glenn Dappert, 
Charles Graham, Noel Ikemire, Sheldon Kocher and Louis 
Valbert. 

Merle D. Yost and R. E. Apple are directors from the 
Jasper County Chapter to the Wabash Valley Association. 
Mr. Yost also is a member of the Executive Committee of 
the W. V. A. 



Moore of Newton 


Happy Birthday 




and Good Wishes to 


Choir Robes, Graduation 


My old home town, Sainte Marie, and Saint 




Mary's Parish on this their 125th birthday. 


Gowns and Women's 




Gym Clothing 


Mrs. Olivia Hartrich Litzelman 


Happy Birthday, 


GREETINGS 


Sainte Marie 


To all our friends of the old home town 
on its 125th anniversary and best 


From 


wishes for the years ahead. 


Community of Sacred 


Gus & Sev Alblinger 


Heart Novitiate 


Ivesdale, 111. 



57 



Greetings 

Worcester Hardware Co. 

Newton, 111. 



RAY VOYLES 



Barber and Beauty Supply Co. 



601 Whittle Ave. 



Olney, 111. 



Hahn Motor Sales 

Pontiac — Buick 
U. S. Distributorship 

Olney, Illinois 



Compliments Of 

Sherman's Dept. Store 

Olney, Illinois 



Compliments Of 

Wilkin's Chevrolet 

511 E. Main Olney, 111. 



Van's Maytag Appliances 



E. Main 



Olney, 111. 



Goldsmith Paint & Wallpaper 

207 E. Main Olney, 111. 

Complete Home Decorating Service 

LOWELL GOLDSMITH, Owner 

Phone EXpress 2-5641 



Schmalhausen Rexall 
Drug Store 

Prescription & Drugs — Gifts 
Olney, Illinois 



Newton Package Liquor Store 

Mable Hardcastle 

206 S. Van Buren Newton, Illinois 

For Your Favorite Beverage 



Compliments Of 

Mike's Ice Cream Parlor ] 

'Your Satisfaction Our First Consideration* 
228 W. Main St. Olney, 111. 



Nix Brothers 

Your Dealer for International Harvester 

and Ace Hardware 

Olney, Illinois 



Zean Gassmann 

Dependable Insurance Since 1931 

113-115 Whittle Ave Olney, 111. 

Zean Gassmann Henry Gassmann 



58 




V , * jiffll 



Belles of Sainte Marie 

Top row, left to right, Celeste Schmidt, Barbara Wagner, Kathy 
Go win, Ann Moran. 

Center row, left to right, Carolyn Wagner. Rita Fisher, Mary 
Ellen Kocher, Glenda Reis. 

Bottom row, left to right, Kathy Ritz, Mary Lou Hahn, Sharon 
Keller, Mary Ruth Hartrich. 

Lower right, Jean Keller. 



Hi. ■ ;?* 




59 



Rubsam's 

Ready-To-Wear & Shoes 

Where Quality Meets Economy 

Newton, 111. 


Tharp's For Shoes 

For All The Family 

South Side Square 

Newton, 111. 


Compliments Of 

Duffy McCullough 

Insurance and Real Estate 
Newton, 111. 


Greetings and Good Wishes to Sainte Marie 

Saint Mary's Church and Sainte Marie 

Township en Their 125th Birthday! 

American Legion Auxiliary 

POST 932 


W. P. Wheeler & Son 

Building Materials 

Established 1884 

Newton, 111. 


Best Wishes and Happy Birthday to 

Sainte Marie, Saint Mary's Parish 

and Sainte Marie Township. 

Blanche Chapman 


Woodmen Accident & Life Co. 

HENRY F. HARTRICH, 

District Manager 
Newton, 111. 


Greetings and Best Wishes for a Happy 

Birthday to Sainte Marie, Saint Mary's 

Parish and Sainte Marie Township 

on Their 125th Anniversary. 

Saint Mary's Mending Club 


Floyd Clark 

Poultry & Eggs — Wayne Feeds — Seeds 
Salsbury's Remedies 

Phone 12 Newton, 111. 


Greetings and Best Wishes to 

Sainte Marie, Saint Mary's Church 
and Sainte Marie Township. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cletus Litzelman 


Compliments Of 

Marshall Bros. 

Floor, Cabinet and Wall Coverings 
Furniture and Appliances 

Newton, 111. 


IN MEMORY OF 

Our Beloved Grandfather, Joseph Petar 

Huber, Whose Motto in Life Was, 
"Give Generously and It Will Return." 

HELEN IIUBER SCHACKMANN 
MAYME HUBER HARTRICH 
JOSEPHINE HUBER ALBLINGER 



60 



The Author's Thanks 

We come now to the closing chapter of this history of 
Sainte Mary's Church, Sainte Marie and Sainte Marie 
Township. To you who have read it we hope you have 
learned some historical facts you did not know before, 
hope you enjoyed our little jokes and stories, hope, too, the 
younger generation has a better understanding of the 
trials and tribulations of our Pioneer forefathers. 

Never will we appreciate all the hardships they en- 
dured to clear away the forests, build tillable fields free 
of stumps, build fine highways and pleasant homes. There 
are discrepancies, of course. Going back over 125 years, 
it is not humanly possible to do otherwise. 

Our thanks go to Rev. George Windsor for the story 
of the priests since Father Peter Virnich, History of the 
Saint Mary's Church down to the present day; to J. N. 
Yost and Dorthan Reigle of the Bend vicinity for their 
invaluable help in tracing names and dates in their 
churches, schools and cemeteries. 

To all the advertisers, whose financial help made this 
book possible. 

To Mrs. Kathryn Hobgood of Evansville, Ind., who 
came to my home to type the script I'd written; to Mrs. 
Mary Ready for her hours of talk on "olden" times from 
which I caught many names and dates; to Kathy Gowin 
for typing for me; to Mrs. Charlene Bolander, good friend, 
for her help in getting together the names of all our re- 
ligious nuns from Sainte Marie, names too, of all our 
citizens who lived to be more than 90 years, and the names 
of those who weathered the storms of married life for 
more than 60 years. 

My thanks to everyone who helped with this history 
in the smallest way. 

It is my sincerest wish that everyone continue to 
plant trees, flowers and shrubs around their homes and 
farmsteads, and I'll feel amply paid. By doing this we 
not only beautify our homes, we beautify our Community, 
State and Nation. 

Always Remember, 
"We are part of the early history of the State of Illinois." 

Very Sincerely Yours, 

Mrs. Ferdinand Hartrich, Historian, 

Sainte Marie, Illinois 



61 



WEBER BROS. 
EQUIPMENT, INC. 

International Farm Equipment, Frigidaire, 

Maytag, Philco, Hardware of All Kinds. 

SERVING THIS AREA SINCE 1899 

Teutopolis, Illinois 

Phones : Hardware 857-3135 
Implements 857-3137 



Best Wishes 




REALTY 



NEWnHILL 



The Best In Gas 



Gas Heating 



Gas Appliances 



Phone Ex 2-7721 



Liquefied Petroleum Gas For All Purposes 



BLUE FLAME GAS CO., INC. 



"The Firm that Service Built' 



700 W. Main St. 



Olney, 111. 



Compliments Of 

Forsyth Lumber & Coal Co. Inc. 

"Everything to Build Anything" 
Olney, 111. 

Congratulations 

Sunland Hatchery 

Authorized Honegger 

Associate Hatchery 

Honegger Layers 

Newton, 111. 

Compliments Of 

Clark's Monument Shop 

Newton, 111. 



62 



Best Wishes 


Compliments Of 


C. E. Chapman 


Kaufmann Bros. 


Marathon Tank Wagon Distributor 


Leading Clothiers 


Yale, III. 


Newton, 111. 


Compliments Of 




Jansen Bros. 


G. E. Franke & Son 


International, New Holland, 


Paint, Wallpaper and Hardware 


Eversman and McCulloch 


Phone 243 122 W. Washington Newton 


Phone 250 Newton, 111. 




Best Wishes 


Compliments Of 



B. B. Brummer 

Wholesale Distributor of 
Candies and Tobaccos 

Newton, 111. 



The New Yorker 

Complete Line of Beer, Liquors, Wines. 

Food: Steak, Chicken, Chops and 

Noon Day Lunches. 

Olney, Illinois 



Berger & Sons 

Petroleum Products 

Auto Supplies 

Sporting Goods 

Olney, 111. 



Compliments Of 

Gowin's Mill 

Sainte Marie, 111. 



63 



Wieland-Goudy Hardware Co. 

Guns and Ammunition 

Sherwin-Williams Paints and Varnishes 

Fairbanks-Morse Water Systems 

Olney, Illinois 



Jim's Men's & Boys' Wear 

Complete Line of Men's & Boys' Wear 

Phone Express 22521 

222 E. Main St. Olney, 111. 



Musgrove Men's Wear 

216 East Main Street 
Olney, Illinois 

Janet Shop 

Ladies' Apparel 
Olney, Illinois 



If It Can Be Sold, It Can Be Sold At Auction 
Real Estate — Selling — Renting 

Doyle McKinney 

— Auctioneer — 

Office Phone 32969 Res. Phone 51782 

Olney, Illinois 



Bower's Drug Store 

Walgreen Agency 

Phone Ex 2-3931 Olney, 111. 

WALTER H. FARNEY, R. Pm., P.M.C. 



Fabric House 

Olney, Illinois 



Happy Anniversary 

Fessel's Cleaners 



Olney, Illinois 



Compliments Of 

Blank's Agency 

Real Estate and Insurance 
Olney, 111. 



Compliments Of 

Borah & Bolander Lumber Co. 

Olney, 111. 
Best Wishes to the Quasquicentennial 

Abegglen Brothers 

Furniture & Rugs 
223 E. Main Olney, 111. 

Congratulations 

Bill Pulliam Insurance 

Broker — Your Personal Insurer 
Newton, 111. 



64 



•§•»—— Mil— Hill- 



«■_* 



1919 



Forty-three Years of Service 



1962 



Awluuf&i & Kpiti 



Sainte Marie, Illinois 



I 









Hardware and Garage 

• Chevrolet Cars and Trucks 

• Plumbing, Heating, Electric 



Greetings to All Our Friends Everywhere 



I 

■ 

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Sainte Marie Township 



PATRICIA A. 
FLAGG 



Flagg Funeral Home 

Phone 176 Newton, 111. 










(Note: The above map of Sainte Marie township is far from up-to-date, but it 
should prove interesting to all readers, in the opinion of the editor of this history.) 

THE FLAGG FUNERAL HOME 

Provides 24-Hour 

Emergency Ambulance Service 



OxygeA-EqiU pped 



Air-Con ditioned 



Two-Way Radio 



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)UND 



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5-9<3 



UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS-URBANA 

977.374H257H C001 

HISTORY OF SAINTE MARIE, SAINT MARY'S CH 



30 



2 025396976